Human EGF Antibody Summary
Accession # P01133
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by EGF and Neutralization by Human EGF Antibody. Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236-EG) stimulates proliferation in the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human EGF (2 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Human EGF Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-236-NA). The ND50 is typically 0.08 -0.8 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is the founding member of the EGF family that also includes TGF-alpha, amphiregulin (AR), betacellulin (BTC), epiregulin (EPR), heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB‑EGF), epigen, and the neuregulins (NRG)-1 through -6 (1). Members of the EGF family share a structural motif, the EGF-like domain, which is characterized by three intramolecular disulfide bonds that are formed by six similarly spaced conserved cysteine residues (2). All EGF family members are synthesized as type I transmembrane precursor proteins that may contain several EGF domains in the extracellular region. The mature proteins are released from the cell surface by regulated proteolysis (1). The 1207 amino acid (aa) human EGF precursor contains nine EGF domains and nine LDLR class B repeats. The mature protein consists of 53 aa and is generated by proteolytic excision of the EGF domain proximal to the transmembrane region (3). Mature human EGF shares 70% aa sequence identity with mature mouse and rat EGF. EGF is present in various body fluids, including blood, milk, urine, saliva, seminal fluid, pancreatic juice, cerebrospinal fluid, and amniotic fluid (4). Four ErbB (HER) family receptor tyrosine kinases including EGFR/ErbB1, ErbB2, ErbB3 and ErbB4, mediate responses to EGF family members (5). These receptors undergo a complex pattern of ligand induced homo- or hetero-dimerization to transduce EGF family signals (6, 7). EGF binds ErbB1 and depending on the context, induces the formation of homodimers or heterodimers containing ErbB2. Dimerization results in autophosphorylation of the receptor at specific tyrosine residues to create docking sites for a variety of signaling molecules (5, 8). Biological activities ascribed to EGF include epithelial development, angiogenesis, inhibition of gastric acid secretion, fibroblast proliferation, and colony formation of epidermal cells in culture.
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- Jorissen, R.N. et al. (2003) Exp. Cell Res. 284:31.
- Gamett, D.C. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:12052.
- Qian, X. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 91:1500.
- Qian, X. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:574.
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