hh Human GM-CSF Antibody AB-215-NA: R&D Systems

Human GM-CSF Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human GM-CSF in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) G-CSF, rhIL‑1 alpha, rhIL-1 beta, rhIL-2, rhIL-3, rhIL-4, rhIL-6, rhTNF-alpha or rhTNF-beta is observed. Neutralizes the biological activity of both rhGM-CSF and natural human GM-CSF. It will not neutralize the biological activity of recombinant mouse GM-CSF.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human GM-CSF
    Ala18-Glu144
    Accession # P04141
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human GM-CSF (Catalog # 215-GM)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize GM‑CSF-induced proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-6 µg/mL in the presence of 0.5 ng/mL Recombinant Human GM‑CSF.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cell Proliferation Induced by GM‑CSF and Neutralization by Human GM‑CSF Antibody.

Recombinant Human GM‑CSF (Catalog # 215-GM) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human GM‑CSF (0.5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Human GM‑CSF Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-215-NA). The ND50 is typically 1-6 µg/mL.

Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: GM-CSF

GM-CSF was initially characterized as a factor that can support the in vitro colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. It is also a growth factor for erythroid, megakaryocyte, and eosinophil progenitors. GM-CSF is produced by a number of different cell types (including T cells, B cells, macrophages, mast cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and adipocytes) in response to cytokine or inflammatory stimuli. On mature hematopoietic cells, GM-CSF is a survival factor for and activates the effector functions of granulocytes, monocytes/macrophages, and eosinophils (1, 2). GM-CSF promotes a Th1 biased immune response, angiogenesis, allergic inflammation, and the development of autoimmunity (3‑5). It shows clinical effectiveness in ameliorating chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and GM-CSF transfected tumor cells are utilized as cancer vaccines (6, 7). The 22 kDa glycosylated GM-CSF, similar to IL-3 and IL-5, is a cytokine with a core of four bundled alpha ‑helices (8‑12). Mature human GM-CSF shares 63%‑70% amino acid sequence identity with canine, feline, porcine, and rat GM-CSF and 54% with mouse GM-CSF. GM-CSF exerts its biological effects through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of GM-CSF R alpha /CD116 and the signal transducing common beta  chain (CD131) which is also a component of the high-affinity receptors for IL-3 and IL-5 (13, 14). In addition, GM-CSF binds a naturally occurring soluble form of GM-CSF R alpha (15). Human GM-CSF is active on canine and feline cells but not on murine cells (16‑18).

  • References:
    1. Martinez-Moczygemba, M. and D.P. Huston (2003) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 112:653.
    2. Barreda, D.R. et al. (2004) Dev. Comp. Immunol. 28:509.
    3. Eksioglu, E.A. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1163.
    4. Cao, Y. (2007) J. Clin. Invest. 117:2362.
    5. Fleetwood, A.J. et al. (2005) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 25:405.
    6. Heuser, M. et al. (2007) Semin. Hematol. 44:148.
    7. Hege, K.M. et al. (2006) Int. Rev. Immunol. 25:321.
    8. Kaushansky, K. et al. (1992) Biochemistry 31:1881.
    9. Diederichs, K. et al. (1991) Science 254:1779. 
    10. Cantrell, M.A. et al. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 82:6250.
    11. Lee, F. et al. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 82:4360.
    12. Wong, G.G. et al. (1985) Science 228:810.
    13. Onetto-Pothier, N. et al. (1990) Blood 75:59.
    14. Hayashida, K. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 87:9655.
    15. Pelley, J.L. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1483.
    16. Hogge, G.S. et al. (1990) Cancer Gene Ther. 6:26.
    17. Sprague, W.S. et al. (2005) J. Comp. Pathol. 133:136.
    18. Shanafelt, A.B. et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266:13804.
  • Long Name:
    Granulocyte Macrophage Growth Factor
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1437 (Human); 12981 (Mouse); 116630 (Rat); 397208 (Porcine); 403923 (Canine); 493805 (Feline)
  • Alternate Names:
    colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage); Colony-stimulating factor; CSF; CSF2; GMCSF; GM-CSF; GMCSFgranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor; MGC131935; MGC138897; molgramostin; sargramostim
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. CD40-ligand stimulates myelopoiesis by regulating flt3-ligand and thrombopoietin production in bone marrow stromal cells.
    Authors: Solanilla A, Dechanet J, El Andaloussi A, Dupouy M, Godard F, Chabrol J, Charbord P, Reiffers J, Nurden AT, Weksler B, Moreau JF, Ripoche J
    Blood, 2000;95(12):3758-64.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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