Human IL-22 APC-conjugated Antibody

(10 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL-22 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, this antibody shows 100% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑22 and recombinant rat IL‑22 and no cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL‑10.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 142928
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-22
    Accession # Q9GZX6
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    10 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
Detection of IL‑22 in Human PBMCs stimulated to induce Th17 Cells by Flow Cytometry. CD4+ Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) either (A) stimulated to induce Th17 cells with 10 ug/mL Mouse Anti-Human CD3 epsilon Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB100), 5 ug/mL Mouse Anti-Human CD28 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB342), 10 ng/mL Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B), 20 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑2 (Catalog # 202-IL), 20 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑23 (Catalog # 1290-IL), 40 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑6 (Catalog # 206-IL), and 10 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (Catalog # 201-LB) for 5 to 7 days, then re-stimulated with 50 ng/mL PMA and 200 ng/mL Calcium ionomycin for 2 to 4 hours or (B) resting CD4+ PBMCs were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3791P) and Mouse Anti-Human IL‑22 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC7821A). Quadrant markers were set based on isotype control (Catalog # IC002A). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin. View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: IL-22

Interleukin-22 (IL-22), also known as IL-10-related T cell-derived inducible factor (IL-TIF) was initially identified as a gene induced by IL-9 in mouse T cells and mast cells. Human IL-22 cDNA encodes a 179 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a putative 33 aa signal peptide that is cleaved to generate a 147 aa mature protein that shares approximately 79% and 22% aa sequence identity with mouse IL-22 and human IL-10, respectively. The human IL-22 gene is localized to chromosome 12q15. Although it exists as a single copy gene in human and in many mouse strains, the mouse IL-22 gene is duplicated in some mouse strains including C57B1/6, FVB and 129. The two mouse genes designated IL-TIF alpha and IL-TIF beta, share greater than 98% sequence homology in their coding region. IL-22 has been shown to activate STAT1 and STAT3 in several hepatoma cell lines and upregulate the production of acute phase proteins. IL-22 is produced by normal T cells upon anti-CD3 stimulation in humans. Mouse IL-22 expression is also induced in various organs upon lipopolysaccharide injection, suggesting that IL-22 may be involved in inflammatory responses. The functional IL-22 receptor complex consists of two receptor subunits, IL-22 R (previously an orphan receptor named CRF2-9) and IL-10R beta (previously known as CRF2-4), belonging to the class II cytokine receptor family.

  • References:
    1. Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:1814.
    2. Xie, M-H. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:31335.
    3. Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10144.
    4. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 22
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    50616 (Human); 50929 (Mouse); 500836 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    Cytokine Zcyto18; IL-10-related T-cell-derived inducible factor; IL-21; IL22; IL-22; IL-22IL21; IL-D110; IL-TIF; ILTIFIL-10-related T-cell-derived-inducible factor; IL-TIFMGC79382; interleukin 21; interleukin 22; interleukin-22; MGC79384; TIFa; TIFIL-23; zcyto18
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

10 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Sample Type
  1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Specific IL-21+IFN-gamma+CD4+ T Cells Are Regulated by IL-12.
    Authors: Li L, Jiang Y, Lao S, Yang B, Yu S, Zhang Y, Wu C
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(1):e0147356.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  2. Trained immunity in newborn infants of HBV-infected mothers.
    Authors: Hong M, Sandalova E, Low D, Gehring A, Fieni S, Amadei B, Urbani S, Chong Y, Guccione E, Bertoletti A
    Nat Commun, 2015;6(0):6588.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  3. CX(3)CL1 (fractalkine) and its receptor CX(3)CR1 regulate atopic dermatitis by controlling effector T cell retention in inflamed skin.
    Authors: Staumont-Salle D, Fleury S, Lazzari A, Molendi-Coste O, Hornez N, Lavogiez C, Kanda A, Wartelle J, Fries A, Pennino D, Mionnet C, Prawitt J, Bouchaert E, Delaporte E, Glaichenhaus N, Staels B, Julia V, Dombrowicz D
    J Exp Med, 2014;211(6):1185-96.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  4. Initiation of ART during early acute HIV infection preserves mucosal Th17 function and reverses HIV-related immune activation.
    Authors: Schuetz A, Deleage C, Sereti I, Rerknimitr R, Phanuphak N, Phuang-Ngern Y, Estes J, Sandler N, Sukhumvittaya S, Marovich M, Jongrakthaitae S, Akapirat S, Fletscher J, Kroon E, Dewar R, Trichavaroj R, Chomchey N, Douek D, O Connell R, Ngauy V, Robb M, Phanuphak P, Michael N, Excler J, Kim J, de Souza M, Ananworanich J
    PLoS Pathog, 2014;10(12):e1004543.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  5. IL-7 licenses activation of human liver intrasinusoidal mucosal-associated invariant T cells.
    Authors: Tang, Xin-Zi, Jo, Juandy, Tan, Anthony, Sandalova, Elena, Chia, Adeline, Tan, Kai Chah, Lee, Kang Hoe, Gehring, Adam J, De Libero, Gennaro, Bertoletti, Antonio
    J Immunol, 2013;190(7):3142-52.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  6. Patients with cystic fibrosis have inducible IL-17+IL-22+ memory cells in lung draining lymph nodes.
    Authors: Chan Y, Chen K, Duncan S, Lathrop K, Latoche J, Logar A, Pociask D, Wahlberg B, Ray P, Ray A, Pilewski J, Kolls J
    J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2013;131(4):1117-29, 1129.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  7. IL-22 suppresses IFN-gamma-mediated lung inflammation in asthmatic patients.
    Authors: Pennino D, Bhavsar P, Effner R, Avitabile S, Venn P, Quaranta M, Marzaioli V, Cifuentes L, Durham S, Cavani A, Eyerich K, Chung K, Schmidt-Weber C, Eyerich S
    J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2013;131(2):562-70.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  8. Rapid antigen processing and presentation of a protective and immunodominant HLA-B*27-restricted hepatitis C virus-specific CD8+ T-cell epitope.
    Authors: Schmidt J, Iversen A, Tenzer S, Gostick E, Price D, Lohmann V, Distler U, Bowness P, Schild H, Blum H, Klenerman P, Neumann-Haefelin C, Thimme R
    PLoS Pathog, 2012;8(11):e1003042.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  9. ESAT-6- and CFP-10-specific Th1, Th22 and Th17 cells in tuberculous pleurisy may contribute to the local immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.
    Authors: Qiao D, Yang BY, Li L, Ma JJ, Zhang XL, Lao SH, Wu CY
    Scand. J. Immunol., 2011;73(4):330-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  10. Interleukin-21 induces the differentiation of human Tc22 cells via phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription.
    Authors: Liu Y, Yang B, Ma J, Wang H, Huang F, Zhang J, Chen H, Wu C
    Immunology, 2011;132(4):540-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Mouse IgG1 APC-conjugated Antibody

Ctrl IC002A 8  
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Staining Reagents
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Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC005 5
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Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (1X)

Flow FC004 3
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Flow Cytometry Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Kit I

Flow FC009 3
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Flow Cytometry Fixation/Permeabilization Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC007 2
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