PIWIL1/HIWI in Mouse Testes. PIWIL1/HIWI was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse testes using Goat Anti-Human PIWIL1/HIWI Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6548) at 1.7 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to the cytoplasm of spermatocytes. View our protocol for Fluorescent IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
PIWI (P-element-induced wimpy testis; also HIWI and PIWIL1) is a 92-98 kDa member of the Piwi subfamily, Argonaute family of proteins. It is expressed in germline cells, particularly spermatocytes and spermatids, and also appears in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells plus select tumor types. PIWI binds to a series of 28‑34 nucleic acid long noncoding RNAs that participate in gametogenesis. It does so under the influence of Arg methyltransferases, and in conjunction with Tudor‑containing proteins. Human PIWI/PIWIL1 is 861 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a methylation target region in the N-terminus, followed by an RNA-binding PAZ domain (aa 277-391) and an RNA-cleaving PIWI domain (aa 555-847). There are two isoform variants. One is widely expressed and shows a three aa substitution for aa 1‑89. The second contains a six aa substitution for aa 824-861. Over aa 82-290, human PIWI (HIWI) shares 95% aa sequence identity with mouse PIWI (MIWI).
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