Human/Mouse PIWIL1/HIWI Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human, Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects human PIWIL1/HIWI in direct ELISAs.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human PIWIL1/HIWI
    Arg82-Thr290
    Accession # Q96J94
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
PIWIL1/HIWI in Mouse Testes. PIWIL1/HIWI was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse testes using Goat Anti-Human PIWIL1/HIWI Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6548) at 1.7 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Northern­Lights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to the cytoplasm of spermatocytes. View our protocol for Fluorescent IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PIWIL1/HIWI

PIWI (P-element-induced wimpy testis; also HIWI and PIWIL1) is a 92-98 kDa member of the Piwi subfamily, Argonaute family of proteins. It is expressed in germline cells, particularly spermatocytes and spermatids, and also appears in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells plus select tumor types. PIWI binds to a series of 28‑34 nucleic acid long noncoding RNAs that participate in gametogenesis. It does so under the influence of Arg methyltransferases, and in conjunction with Tudor‑containing proteins. Human PIWI/PIWIL1 is 861 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a methylation target region in the N-terminus, followed by an RNA-binding PAZ domain (aa 277-391) and an RNA-cleaving PIWI domain (aa 555-847). There are two isoform variants. One is widely expressed and shows a three aa substitution for aa 1‑89. The second contains a six aa substitution for aa 824-861. Over aa 82-290, human PIWI (HIWI) shares 95% aa sequence identity with mouse PIWI (MIWI).

  • Long Name:
    Piwi-like Protein 1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    9271 (Human)
  • Alternate Names:
    HIWI; HIWIpiwi homolog; MIWI; piwi (Drosophila)-like 1; PIWI; PIWIL1; piwi-like 1 (Drosophila); piwi-like protein 1
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