Measured by its ability to neutralize MSP-induced chemotaxis in mouse peritoneal resident macrophages. Ming-Hai, W. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:3436‑3440. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.05-0.2 µg/mL in the presence of 50 ng/mL Recombinant Human MSP.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Chemotaxis Induced by MSP and Neutralization by Human MSP Antibody. Recombinant Human MSP (Catalog # 352‑MS) chemoattracts mouse peritoneal resident macrophages in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through the filter was measured by LeukoStat™ staining (Fisher Scientific). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human MSP (50 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human MSP Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF352). The ND50 is typically 0.05‑0.2 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Macrophage stimulating protein (MSP), also known as HGF-like protein, and scatter factor-2, is a member of the HGF family of growth factors (1). MSP is secreted as an inactive single chain precursor (pro-MSP) that contains a PAN/APPLE-like domain, four kringle domains, and a peptidase S1 domain which lacks enzymatic activity (2). Human MSP shares 79% aa sequence identity with mouse MSP and 44% aa sequence identity with human HGF. Pro-MSP is secreted by hepatocytes under the positive and negative control of CBP in complex with either HNF-4 or RAR, respectively (3). Circulating pro-MSP is proteolytically cleaved in response to tissue injury to yield biologically active disulfide linked heterodimers consisting of a 45‑62 kDa alpha and a 25‑35 kDa beta chain (4, 5). Pro-MSP can be activated by MT-SP1, a transmembrane protease that is expressed on macrophages and is upregulated in many cancers (6). Heterodimeric MSP as well as the isolated beta chain bind to MSP R/Ron with high-affinity, although only heterodimeric MSP can induce receptor dimerization and signaling (7, 8). MSP induces macrophage and keratinocyte proliferation and osteoclast activation (9, 10). It also inhibits LPS- or IFN-induced iNOS and IL-12 expression by macrophages and prevents apoptosis of epithelial cells separated from the ECM (11, 12).
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R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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