Detection of Ninjurin-1 in HepG2 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. |
HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human Ninjurin‑1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB51051, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B).
Ninjurin‑1 in Human Liver. |
Ninjurin‑1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver using Mouse Anti-Human Ninjurin‑1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB51051) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to Kupffer cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Ninjurin-1 (nerve injury-induced protein 1) is a 20-22 kDa member of the Ninjurin family of transmembrane (TM) proteins. It is expressed by Schwann cells, neurons and hepatocytes and participates in intercellular homophilic binding during nerve regeneration. Human Ninjurin-1 is 152 amino acids in length. It has an unusual membrane orientation. There is an 80 amino acid (aa) N-terminal extracellular domain (ECD) (aa 1-80), followed by a TM segment, a cytoplasmic region, a second TM segment and a C-terminal ECD (aa 142-152). Homophilic binding is divalent-cation dependent and occurs between Pro26 and Asn37. Over aa 1-80, human Ninjurin-1 shares 84% aa sequence identity with mouse Ninjurin-1. Human Ninjurin-1 shares only 50% aa sequence identity with human Ninjurin-2.