Human VEGF-B167/186 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF751
AF751-SP
Product Details
Citations (5)
FAQs
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Human VEGF-B167/186 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human VEGF-B167 and human VEGF-B186 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) VEGF-B186, rmVEGF-B167, rmVEGF-B206, recombinant human (rh) VEGF-A, rhVEGF-C, and rhVEGF-D is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human VEGF-B186
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human VEGF-B167 (Catalog # 751-VE) and Recombinant Human VEGF-B186

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: VEGF-B

Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B), also known as vascular endothelial growth factor-related factor (VRF), is a member of the VEGF family of growth factors that share structural and functional similarity (1, 2). Five mammalian members, including VEGF-A, -B, -C, -D and PlGF, have been identified. VEGF family members are disulfide-linked dimeric proteins that are important regulators of physiological and pathological vasculogenesis, angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. VEGF-B is expressed in most tissues, especially in heart, skeletal muscle and pancreas. In many tissues, VEGF-B is co-expressed and can heterodimerize with VEGF (3). By alternative splicing, two isoforms of mature VEGF-B containing 167 or 186 amino acid (aa) residues exist (3, 4). The two VEGF-B isoforms have identical amino-terminal cysteine-knot VEGF homology domains but the carboxyl end of VEGF-B167 differs from that of VEGF-B186 by the presence of a highly basic cysteine-rich heparin binding domain. Whereas VEGF-B186 is a secreted diffusible protein, VEGF-B167 is sequestered into the cell matrix after secretion. Both VEGF-B isoforms bind VEGF receptor 1 (VEGF R1), but not VEGF R2 or VEGF R3 (5). On endothelial cells, ligation of VEGF R1 by VEGF-B has been shown to regulate the expression and activity of urokinase type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. VEGF-B167 and a proteolytically processed form of VEGF-B186 (VEGF-B127) also bind neuropilin-1 (NP-1), a type I transmembrane receptor for semaphorins/collapsins, ligands involved in neuron guidance (6). Besides VEGF-B, NP-1 has been shown to bind PLGF-2, VEGF165 and VEGF R1 (6, 7). The many interactions of NP-1 with VEGF ligands and receptor suggests that NP-1 may function as a regulator of angiogenesis (7).

References
  1. Li, X. and U. Eriksson (2001) Int. J. Biochem Cell Biol. 33:421.
  2. Olofsson, B. et al. (1999) Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 10:528.
  3. Olofsson, B. et al. (1996) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 93:2576.
  4. Grimmond, S. et al. (1996) Benome Res. 6:124.
  5. Olofsson, B. et al. (1998) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 95:11709.
  6. Makinen, T. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:21217.
  7. Fuh, G. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:26690.
Long Name
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor B
Entrez Gene IDs
7423 (Human); 22339 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
vascular endothelial growth factor B; VEGFB; VEGF-B; VEGF-related factor; VRFVEGFL

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human VEGF-B167/186 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

5 Citations: Showing 1 - 5
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  1. Chronic exposure of colorectal cancer cells to bevacizumab promotes compensatory pathways that mediate tumour cell migration.
    Authors: Fan F, Samuel S, Gaur P
    Br. J. Cancer, 2011;104(8):1270-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot
  2. Effect of chemotherapeutic stress on induction of vascular endothelial growth factor family members and receptors in human colorectal cancer cells.
    Authors: Fan F, Gray MJ, Dallas NA, Yang AD, Van Buren G, Camp ER, Ellis LM
    Mol. Cancer Ther., 2008;7(9):3064-70.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot
  3. Upregulation of VEGF-A without angiogenesis in a mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy caused by mitochondrial dysfunction.
    Authors: Tham E, Wang J, Piehl F, Weber G
    J. Histochem. Cytochem., 2002;50(7):935-44.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
    Applications: Western Blot
  4. Vascular endothelial growth factor ligands and receptors that regulate human cytotrophoblast survival are dysregulated in severe preeclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome.
    Authors: Zhou Y, 2019, McMaster M, Woo K, Janatpour M, Perry J, Karpanen T, Alitalo K, Damsky C, Fisher SJ
    , 2002;160(4):1405-23.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Tissue
    Applications: IHC
  5. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)-encoded cytokines induce expression of and autocrine signaling by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in HHV-8-infected primary-effusion lymphoma cell lines and mediate VEGF-independent antiapoptotic effects.
    Authors: Okruzhnov Y, Nicholas J
    J. Virol., 2001;75(22):10933-40.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot

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