|Cathepsin E in Mouse Lung. Cathepsin E was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse lung using Goat Anti-Mouse Cathepsin E Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1130) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific labeling was localized to the plasma membrane of type II alveolar cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
Cathepsin E is an intracellular aspartic protease of the pepsin family (1, 2). Unlike Cathepsin D, another member of the same family and a lysosomal protease with relatively ubiquitous distribution, Cathepsin E is not a lysosomal enzyme and has a limited cell and tissue distribution. However, both Cathepsins D and E play an important role in the degradation of proteins, the generation of bioactive proteins, and antigen processing (3). Both enzymes are efficient in cleaving the Swedish mutant of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the beta site but show almost no reactivity with the wild-type APP (4). Mouse Cathepsin E is synthesized as a precursor protein, consisting of a signal peptide (residues 1-18), a propeptide (residues 19-59), and a mature chain (residues 60-397) (1).
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