Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody Summary
Accession # Q5QNV9
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Chemotaxis Induced by CCL4/MIP‑1 beta and Neutralization by Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta Antibody. Recombinant Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta (Catalog # 451-MB) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro-B cell line transfected with human CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta (25 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-451-NA). The ND50 is typically 4-12 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL4/MIP-1 beta
CCL4, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 beta (MIP-1 beta ), is a 12 kDa beta chemokine that is secreted at sites of inflammation by activated leukocytes, lymphocytes, vascular endothelial cells, and pulmonary smooth muscle cells (1, 2). CCL4 attracts a variety of immune cells to sites of microbial infection as well as to other pathologic inflammation such as allergic asthma and ischemic myocardium (3‑8). A CCL4 deficiency in mice promotes the development of autoantibodies, possibly as a result of compromised regulatory T cell recruitment (6). CCL4 is secreted from activated monocytes as a heterodimer with CCL3/MIP-1 alpha (9). The first two N-terminal amino acids can be cleaved from human CCL4 by CD26/DPPIV (10, 11). Both the full length and truncated forms exert biological activity through CCR5, and the truncated form additionally interacts with CCR1 and CCR2 (10). In humans, the ability of CCL4 to bind CCR5 inhibits the cellular entry of M-tropic HIV-1 which utilizes CCR5 as a coreceptor (2). Both forms of CCL4 block HIV-1 infection of T cells by inducing the down‑regulation of CCR5 (10). Mature mouse CCL4 shares 77% and 86% aa sequence identity with human and rat CCL4, respectively.
- Rot, A. and U.H. von Andrian (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:891.
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- Sun, X. et al. (2006) Infec. Immun. 74:5943.
- Bisset, L.R. and Schmid-Grendelmeier, P. (2005) Curr. Opin. Pulm. Med. 11:35.
- Frangogiannis, N.G. (2004) Inflamm. Res. 53:585.
- Bystry, R.S. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1126.
- Oliveira, S.H.P. et al. (2002) J. Leukoc. Biol. 71:1019.
- Schall, T.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 177:1821.
- Guan, E. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:12404.
- Guan, E. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:32348.
- Guan, E. et al. (2004) J. Cell. Biochem. 92:53.
Citation for Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Protection against inflammation- and autoantibody-caused fetal loss by the chemokine decoy receptor D6.
Authors: Martinez de la Torre Y, Buracchi C, Borroni EM, Dupor J, Bonecchi R, Nebuloni M, Pasqualini F, Doni A, Lauri E, Agostinis C, Bulla R, Cook DN, Haribabu B, Meroni P, Rukavina D, Vago L, Tedesco F, Vecchi A, Lira SA, Locati M, Mantovani A
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2007;104(7):2319-24.
Sample Types: In Vivo
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