Detects mouse Dkk-1 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich ELISAs, less than 6% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Dkk‑1 and less than 0.1% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) Dkk-2, rmDkk-3, and rmDkk-4 is observed.
Dkk‑1 in Mouse Embryo.
Dkk‑1 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse embryo (15 d.p.c., cross-section through the eye) using Goat Anti-Mouse Dkk‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1765) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Dickkopf related protein 1 (Dkk-1) is the founding member of the Dickkopf family of proteins that includes Dkk-1, -2, -3, -4, and a related protein, Soggy (1, 2). Dkk proteins are secreted proteins that contain two conserved cysteine-rich domains separated by a linker region. Each domain contains ten cysteine residues (1‑3). Mature mouse Dkk-1 is a 40 kDa glycosylated protein that shares 86%, 96%, 83% and 82% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with human, rat, rabbit and bovine Dkk‑1, respectively. It also shares 41% and 36% aa identity with human Dkk-2 and Dkk-4, respectively. Dkk-1 and Dkk-4 are well documented antagonists of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway (1, 2). This pathway is activated by Wnt engagement of a receptor complex composed of the Frizzled proteins and one of two low‑density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins, LRP5 or LRP6 (4). Dkk-1 antagonizes Wnt by forming ternary complexes of LRP5/6 with Kremen1 or Kremen2 (4, 5). Dkk-1/LRP6/Krm2 complex internalization has been shown to downregulate Wnt signaling (4, 5). Dkk-1 is expressed throughout development and antagonizes Wnt-7a during limb development (6, 7). Other sites of expression include developing neurons, hair follicles and the retina of the eye (8, 9). The balance between Wnt signaling and Dkk-1 inhibition is critical for bone formation and homeostasis (10). Insufficient or excess Dkk-1 activity in bone results in increased or decreased bone density, respectively (8, 11). In adults, Dkk-1 is expressed in osteoblasts and osteocytes, and neurons. Cerebral ischemia induces Dkk-1 expression, which contributes to neuronal cell death (12).
Glinka, A. et al. (1998) Nature 391:357.
Niehrs, C. (2006) Oncogene 25:7469.
Bullock, C.M. et al. (2004) Mol. Pharmacol. 65:582.
Mao, B. et al. (2001) Nature 411:321.
Mao, B. et al. (2002) Nature 417:664.
Kemp, C. et al. (2005) Dev. Dyn. 233:1064.
Adamska, M. et al. (2004) Dev. Biol. 272:134.
Li, J. et al. (2006) Bone 36:754.
Verani, R. et al. (2006) J. Neurochem. 101:242.
Pinzone, J.J. et al. (2009) Blood 113:517.
Morvan, F. et al. (2006) J. Bone Miner. Res. 21:934.
Cappuccio, I. et al. (2005) J. Neurosci. 25:2647.
Entrez Gene IDs:
22943 (Human); 13380 (Mouse)
dickkopf (Xenopus laevis) homolog 1; dickkopf homolog 1 (Xenopus laevis); dickkopf related protein-1; Dickkopf-1; dickkopf-related protein 1; Dkk1; Dkk-1; hDkk-1; SKdickkopf-1 like
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.