|Chemotaxis Induced by CCL7/MCP‑3 and Neutralization by Human CCL7/MCP‑3 Antibody. Recombinant Human CCL7/MCP‑3 (Catalog # 282-P3) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR2A in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human CCL7/MCP‑3 (1 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Human CCL7/MCP‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-282-NA). The ND50 is typically 10-30 µg/mL.|
MCP-2 and CCL7 are two monocyte chemotactic proteins produced by human MG-63 osteosarcoma cells. Both MCP-2 and CCL7 are members of the C-C family of chemokines and share 62% and 71% amino acid sequence identity, respectively, with MCP-1. CCL7 also shares 58% amino acid identity with MCP-2.
CCL7 cDNA encodes a 99 amino acid residue precursor protein from which the N-terminal 23 amino acid residues are cleaved to generate the 76 amino acid residue mature CCL7. Mature CCL7 contains a potential N-linked and several possible O-linked glycosylation sites.
Similar to other C-C chemokines, all three MCP proteins are monocyte chemoattractants. In addition, the three MCPs can chemoattract activated NK cells as well as CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. All three cytokines have also been shown to attract eosinophils and induce histamine secretion from basophils.
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