Human ICOS Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9Y6W8
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
ICOS in Human Tonsil. ICOS was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using Goat Anti-Human ICOS Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF169) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Inducible costimulator (ICOS), also called AILIM (activiation-inducible lymphocyte immunomediatory molecule) and CRP-1 (CD28-related protein-1), is a member of the growing CD28 family of immune costimulatory receptors. Other family members are CD28, CTLA-4, and PD-1. Human ICOS is a homodimeric type I transmembrane protein consisting of 199 amino acids (aa) with a putative 20 aa signal sequence, a 121 aa extracellular domain, a 23 aa transmembrane region, and a 35 aa cytoplasmic domain. ICOS shares approximately 39% amino acid similarity with CD28 and CTLA-4. Human and mouse ICOS share approximately 72% amino acid identity. ICOS is expressed on most CD45RO+ cells. ICOS expression is up-regulated within approximately 24-48 hours of activation on Th primed cells. B7-H2, a member of the B7 family of costimulatory ligands, has been identified as the ICOS ligand. The B7-H2/ICOS interaction appears to play roles in T cell dependent B cell activation and Th differentiation.
- Aicher, A. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:4689.
- Coyle, A.J. et al. (2000) Immunity 13:95.
- Coyle, A.J. and J.C. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
- Gonzalo, J.A. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 166:1.
- Hutloff, A. et al. (1999) Nature 397:263.
- Mages, H.W. et al. (2000) Eur. J. Immunol. 30:1040.
- Yoshinaga, S.K. et al. (1999) Nature 402:827.
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