Human IL-10 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AB-217-NA
Detection  of Human IL‑10 by Western Blot.
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Product Details
Citations (3)
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews (4)

Human IL-10 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL‑10 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 20% cross-reactivity with recombinant equine IL‑10, recombinant canine IL‑10, recombinant porcine IL‑10, and recombinant feline IL‑10 is observed, and less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑10, recombinant rat IL‑10, and recombinant cotton rat IL‑10 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Protein A or G purified
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human IL-10
Ser19-Asn178
Accession # P22301
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
See below
Simple Western
10 µg/mL
See below
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑10-induced proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line [Thompson-Snipes, L.  et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 173:507]. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 3-15 µg/mL in the presence of 5 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑10.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Examples

Western Blot Detection  of Human IL‑10 by Western Blot. View Larger

Detection of Human IL‑10 by Western Blot. Western blot shows conditioned media of HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line either mock transfected or transfected with human IL-10. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL‑10 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-217-NA) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑10 at approximately 16 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.

Neutralization Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑10 and Neutralization by Human IL‑10 Antibody. View Larger

Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑10 and Neutralization by Human IL‑10 Antibody. Recombinant Human IL‑10 (Catalog # 217-IL) stimulates proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human IL‑10 (5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human IL‑10 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-217-NA). The ND50 is typically 3-15 µg/mL.

Simple Western Detection  of Human IL‑10 by Simple WesternTM. View Larger

Detection of Human IL‑10 by Simple WesternTM. Simple Western lane view shows conditioned media of HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line either mock transfected or transfected with human IL-10, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for IL‑10 at approximately 23 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL‑10 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-217-NA) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the 12-230 kDa separation system.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-10

Interleukin 10, also known as cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is the charter member of the IL-10 family of alpha -helical cytokines that also includes
IL-19, IL‑20, IL-22, IL-24, and IL-26/AK155 (1, 2). IL-10 is secreted by many activated hematopoietic cell types as well as hepatic stellate cells, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts (2 - 5). Mature human IL-10 shares 72%‑86% amino acid sequence identity with bovine, canine, equine, feline, mouse, ovine, porcine, and rat IL-10. Whereas human IL-10 is active on mouse cells, mouse IL-10 does not act on human cells (6, 7). IL-10 is a 178 amino acid molecule that contains two intrachain disulfide bridges and is expressed as a 36 kDa noncovalently associated homodimer (6, 8, 9). The IL‑10 dimer binds to two IL-10 R alpha /IL-10 R1 chains, resulting in recruitment of two IL-10 R beta /IL-10 R2 chains and activation of a signaling cascade involving JAK1, TYK2, and STAT3 (10). IL-10 R beta does not bind IL-10 by itself but is required for signal transduction (1). IL-10 R beta also associates with IL‑20 R alpha, IL-22 R alpha, or IL-28 R alpha to form the receptor complexes for IL-22, IL-26, IL-28, and IL-29 (11‑13). IL-10 is a critical molecule in the control of viral infections and allergic and autoimmune inflammation (14‑16). It promotes phagocytic uptake and Th2 responses but suppresses antigen presentation and Th1 proinflammatory responses (2).

References
  1. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:929.
  2. O’Garra, A. and P. Vieira (2007) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 7:425.
  3. Mathurin, P. et al. (2002) Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 282:G981.
  4. Grewe, M. et al. (1995) J. Invest. Dermatol. 104:3.
  5. Szony, B.J. et al. (1999) Mol. Hum. Reprod. 5:1059.
  6. Vieira, P. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:1172.
  7. Hsu, D.-H. et al. (1990) Science 250:830.
  8. Windsor, W.T. et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32:8807.
  9. Syto, R. et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37:16943.
  10. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (1997) EMBO J. 16:5894.
  11. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
  12. Hor, S. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:33343.
  13. Sheppard, P. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:63.
  14. Fitzgerald, D.C. et al. (2007) Nat. Immunol. 8:1372.
  15. Wu, K. et al. (2007) Cell. Mol. Immunol. 4:269.
  16. Blackburn, S.D. and E.J. Wherry (2007) Trends Microbiol. 15:143.
Long Name
Interleukin 10
Entrez Gene IDs
3586 (Human); 16153 (Mouse); 25325 (Rat); 397106 (Porcine); 403628 (Canine); 493683 (Feline); 100135553 (Guinea Pig); 2949786 (Viral)
Alternate Names
CSIF; CSIFMGC126450; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; IL10; IL-10; IL10A; IL-10MGC126451; interleukin 10; interleukin-10; TGIF

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human IL-10 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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  1. Human prostate tumor antigen-specific CD8+ regulatory T cells are inhibited by CTLA-4 or IL-35 blockade.
    Authors: Olson B, Jankowska-Gan E, Becker J, Vignali D, Burlingham W, McNeel D
    J Immunol, 2012;189(12):5590-601.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  2. Toll-like receptor 9 signaling by CpG-B oligodeoxynucleotides induces an apoptotic pathway in human chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells.
    Authors: Liang X, Moseman EA, Farrar MA
    Blood, 2010;115(24):5041-52.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neut
  3. Does granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ameliorate the proinflammatory response in human meningococcal septic shock?
    Authors: Rojahn A, Brusletto B, Ovstebo R, Haug KB, Kierulf P, Brandtzaeg P
    Crit. Care Med., 2008;36(9):2583-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
    Applications: Immunodepletion

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Reviews for Human IL-10 Antibody

Average Rating: 4.8 (Based on 4 Reviews)

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Human IL-10 Antibody
By Anonymous on 09/05/2018
Application: WB Sample Tested: Purified protein Species: E. coli

Human IL-10 Antibody
By Anonymous on 07/24/2018
Application: ELISA Sample Tested: EDTA Plasma Species: Human

Human IL-10 Antibody
By Anonymous on 04/05/2018
Application: Affinity Purification Sample Tested: CHO Chinese hamster ovary cell line Species: Hamster

Human IL-10 Antibody
By Anonymous on 01/10/2018
Application: ELISA Sample Tested: CHO Chinese hamster ovary cell line Species: Hamster