Human IL-17 RD/SEF Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL‑17 RD/SEF in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) IL-17 RD is observed and less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) IL-17 RC, rmIL-17B R, and rhIL-17 R is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human IL‑17 RD/SEF
    Ala27-Arg299
    Accession # AAM77571
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human IL‑17 RD/SEF (Catalog # 2275-IL)
  • Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of IL‑17 RD/SEF in K562 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human IL‑17 RD/SEF Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2275, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # AB-108-C, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0107).
Immunohistochemistry
IL‑17 RD/SEF in Human Kidney. IL‑17 RD/SEF was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human kidney using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human IL‑17 RD/SEF Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2275) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific labeling was localized to the cytoplasm of glomerulli and endothelial cells in capillaries in connective tissue. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-17 RD/SEF

Interleukin-17 receptor D (IL-17 RD), also known as SEF (similar expression to FGFs), is a type I transmembrane protein that is found in both the cytoplasm and plasma membrane (1-5). The gene for this protein belongs to a synexpression group originally identified in zebrafish where SEF is expressed along with FGF-3, -8, sprouty-2 (SPRY2) and SPRY4 (6, 7). By alternate splicing, two transcript variants, potentially encoding three protein isoforms, exist. One is a full-length long form, one a shortened form that uses an alternate start site, and one an alternate splice form that removes the classic signal sequence (1-4). These isoforms have different expression patterns, subcellular localization, and function. The membrane-bound long form of human IL-17RD is synthesized as a 739 amino acid (aa) precursor protein with a putative 27 aa signal peptide, a 272 aa extracellular domain, a 20 aa transmembrane segment and a 420 aa cytoplastic domain. The extracellular domain contains one Ig-like domain and a fibronectin type III motif. The cytoplasmic domain shares homology with the intracellular domains of IL-17 receptor family members and shows one TIR (Toll/IL-1 Receptor) domain and a putative TRAF6-binding motif (2). Natural IL-17 RD has been shown to form homomultimeric complexes (3). Unlike the alternate splice form of IL-17 RD that has a restricted pattern of expression, the full-length IL-17 RD isoform is expressed in most adult tissues and during embryonic development (3, 5). Functionally, IL-17 RD has been shown to be an inhibitor of FGF signaling. The molecule’s extracellular domain does not seem to be involved. There is an interaction between the intracellular domains of FGFR1/2 and IL-17 RD that blocks ERK dissociation from MEK, thereby interfering with downstream ERK activation of nuclear Elk-1 (8). IL-17 RD has also been reported to interact with TAK1 and induce JNK activation and apoptosis (9). Ligands that interact with the extracellular domain of IL-17 RD have not been identified.

  • References:
    1. Furthauer, M. et al. (2002) Nat. Cell Biol. 4:170.
    2. Xiong, S. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:50273.
    3. Yang, R-B. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:33232.
    4. Preger, E. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:1229.
    5. Lin, W. et al. (2002) Mech. Dev. 113:163.
    6. Tsang, M. et al. (2002) Nat. Cell Biol. 4:165.
    7. Kovalenko, D. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:14087.
    8. Torii, S. et al. (2004) Dev. Cell 7:33.
    9. Yang, X. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:38099.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 17 Receptor D, Transcript Variant 3
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    54756 (Human); 171463 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    FLJ35755; IL-17 RD; IL17RD; IL-17RD; IL-17RDIL-17 receptor D; IL17Rhom; IL17RLM; IL17RLMDKFZp434N1928; interleukin 17 receptor D; interleukin-17 receptor D; Interleukin-17 receptor-like protein; MGC133309; Sef homolog; SEF; SEFhSef
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