Human Periostin/OSF-2 Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Periostin/OSF-2 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 45% cross‑reactivity with recombinant mouse Periostin is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Periostin
    Asn22-Gln836
    Accession # Q15063
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunoprecipitation
    25 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human Periostin/OSF-2 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human breast cancer tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human Periostin/OSF-2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3548) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for Periostin/OSF-2 at approximately 90-95 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.
Immunohistochemistry
Periostin/OSF‑2 in Human Breast. Periostin/OSF‑2 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast using Goat Anti-Human Periostin/OSF‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3548) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to stromal cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.

Immunoprecipitation
Immunoprecipitation of Human Periostin/OSF-2. Human Periostin/OSF-2 was immunoprecipitated from human milk samples diluted in 1X Sample Diluent Concentrate 2 (Catalog # DYC002) and incubated with 3 µg Goat Anti-Human Periostin/OSF‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3548) or Normal Goat IgG Control (Catalog # AB-108-C) plus 30 µL Protein G beads overnight. Immunoprecipitated Periostin/OSF-2 was detected by Western blot under reducing conditions using 1 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human Periostin/OSF‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3548). View our recommended buffer recipes for immunoprecipitation.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Periostin/OSF-2

Human OSF-2 (Osteoblast-Specific Factor 2), also known as Periostin, is a 170 kDa secreted homodimeric protein that belongs to the periostin family of the FAS1 superfamily of molecules. It is a TGF-beta inducible molecule that serves as both an adhesion molecule and tumor suppressor. It is synthesized as an 836 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 21 aa signal sequence and an 815 aa mature region. It is unknown if the molecule has any significant glycosylation. The human homodimer is not disulfide-linked. The molecule consists of two distinct regions. The N-terminus contains an 55 aa EMI domain, while the C-terminus contains four 130 aa Fasciculin type 1 (FAS1) domains. The EMI domain is cysteine-rich and shows a highly basic alpha -helix. Each FAS1 repeat exhibits a novel seven-stranded beta -wedge with a multiple alpha -helical fold. Three alternate splice forms are known that are C-terminal to the fourfold FAS1 repeats. These mature molecules are 758 and 761 aa in length. The first shows a one aa substitution for aa 649-706 of the mature molecule. The second shows a one aa substitution for aa 649-676, and a deletion of 27 aa between aa 784-810 of the mature molecule. The significance of the alternate splice forms is not clear. OSF-2 is known to bind to alpha v beta 3 and alpha v beta 5 integrins. It is synthesized by smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, osteoblasts, and multiple carcinoma cell types. OSF-2 induces expression of VEGFR2/KDR on endothelial cells (EC) by binding to EC alpha v beta 3. It also promotes cell transformation to a tumorigenic phenotype, accompanied by MMP-9 and fibronectin production and cell migration. Mature human OSF-2 is 91%, 96% and 91% aa identical to rat, dog, and mouse OSF-2, respectively.

  • Long Name:
    Osteoblast Specific Factor 2
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    10631 (Human); 50706 (Mouse); 361945 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    Fasciclin I-like; MGC119510; MGC119511; OSF2; OSF-2; OSF-2osteoblast specific factor 2 (fasciclin I-like); OSF2periodontal ligament-specific periostin; Osteoblast-specific factor 2; PDLPOSTN; periostin isoform thy2; periostin isoform thy4; periostin isoform thy6; periostin isoform thy8; Periostin; periostin, osteoblast specific factor; PNRP11-412K4.1; POSTN; TRIF52
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Periostin facilitates skin sclerosis via PI3K/Akt dependent mechanism in a mouse model of scleroderma.
    Authors: Yang L, Serada S, Fujimoto M, Terao M, Kotobuki Y, Kitaba S, Matsui S, Kudo A, Naka T, Murota H, Katayama I
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(7):e41994.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Tissue Homogenates
    Application: WB
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Isotype Controls
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Secondary Antibodies
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