Plasma Kallikrein/KLKB1 in Human Liver. Plasma Kallikrein/KLKB1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver using Mouse Anti-Human Plasma Kallikrein/KLKB1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2497) at 8 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to hepatocyte cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Plasma Kallikrein/KLKB1
Human Plasma Kallikrein, a serine protease, is synthesized in the liver and circulates in the plasma by binding to high molecular weight (HMW) kininogen or as a free zymogen. Once activated by its physiological activator, factor XII, it displays endopeptidase activity towards peptide bonds after arginine (preferred) and lysine. It cleaves HMW kininogen, its major physiological substrate, to release the potent vasodilator peptide bradykinin. It is also able to cleave a number of inactive precursor proteins to generate active products, such as plasminogen and prourokinase. Thus, it plays an important role in blood pressure regulation, fibrinolysis, and neutrophil activation (1). Human Plasma Kallikrein precursor contains a signal peptide (residues 1 to 19) and a pro form sequence (residues 20 to 638). Upon activation, the pro form is converted to a heavy chain and a light chain, which is linked by disulfide bonds and the latter contains the catalytic domain (2). The human Plasma Kallikrein pro form was expressed in the NS0 cells with a foreign signal peptide. The purified enzyme is mainly the pro form. When activated by thermolysin, it displays activity against a fluorogenic peptide substrate as described in Activity Assay Protocol. This activity can be inhibited by Human Serpin G1/C1 Inhibitor (Catalog # 2488-PI).
Coleman, R. (2004) in Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes, Barrett, A.J. et al. (eds.) p. 1644, Academic Press, San Diego.
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