|sFRP‑1 in Human Kidney. sFRP‑1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human kidney using Goat Anti-Human sFRP‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1384) at 1 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to epithelial cell cytoplasm in convoluted tubules. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.|
|sFRP‑1 in MBA‑MB‑468 Human Cell Line. sFRP‑1 was detected in immersion fixed MBA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line using Goat Anti-Human sFRP‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1384) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.|
Secreted Frizzled Related Proteins (sFRPs) are a family of secreted, soluble vertebrate glycoproteins which contain homology to the Wnt-binding domain of the Frizzled (Fz) family of transmembrane receptors. sFRPs are approximately 30-35 kDa in size and are comprised of 3 domains: a signal sequence; an N-terminal Fz cysteine-rich domain (CRD) with 10 conserved cysteines; and a C-terminal heparin-binding region with weak homology to Netrin. The Fz CRD mediates Wnt-binding and is present in all Fz and sFRP family members (1).
sFRP-1, also known as secreted apoptosis-related protein 2 (SARP-2), FRP and FrzA, is expressed in the embryonic kidney, eye, brain, teeth, salivary gland and small intestine, most often at sites of epithelial-mesenchyme interaction (5). Expression in the adult animal is strong in the eye, kidney, and heart and also prevalent in the brain and lung (2, 5). sFRP-1 was first characterized as a protein that enhances the sensitivity of cells to apoptotic stimuli (3) and as an antagonist of Wnt signaling in Xenopus embryos (4). It is also characterized as a tumor suppressor in breast (6) and cervical carcinomas (7). In contrast, sFRP-1 is expressed by the majority of malignant gliomas (8) and contributes to the development of uterine leiomyomas (9), suggesting that the role of sFRP-1 is dependent on cell context. sFRP-1 has diverse activities, from inducing angiogenesis (10) in a variety of in vivo models to helping regulate Wnt-4 signaling (with sFRP-2) in renal organogenesis (11). Mouse and human sFRP-1 proteins share 94% amino acid identity (1).
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