sFRP‑1 in Human Kidney. sFRP‑1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human kidney using Goat Anti-Human sFRP‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1384) at 1 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to epithelial cell cytoplasm in convoluted tubules. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
sFRP‑1 in MBA‑MB‑468 Human Cell Line. sFRP‑1 was detected in immersion fixed MBA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line using Goat Anti-Human sFRP‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1384) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Secreted Frizzled Related Proteins (sFRPs) are a family of secreted, soluble vertebrate glycoproteins which contain homology to the Wnt-binding domain of the Frizzled (Fz) family of transmembrane receptors. sFRPs are approximately 30-35 kDa in size and are comprised of 3 domains: a signal sequence; an N-terminal Fz cysteine-rich domain (CRD) with 10 conserved cysteines; and a C-terminal heparin-binding region with weak homology to Netrin. The Fz CRD mediates Wnt-binding and is present in all Fz and sFRP family members (1).
sFRP-1, also known as secreted apoptosis-related protein 2 (SARP-2), FRP and FrzA, is expressed in the embryonic kidney, eye, brain, teeth, salivary gland and small intestine, most often at sites of epithelial-mesenchyme interaction (5). Expression in the adult animal is strong in the eye, kidney, and heart and also prevalent in the brain and lung (2, 5). sFRP-1 was first characterized as a protein that enhances the sensitivity of cells to apoptotic stimuli (3) and as an antagonist of Wnt signaling in Xenopus embryos (4). It is also characterized as a tumor suppressor in breast (6) and cervical carcinomas (7). In contrast, sFRP-1 is expressed by the majority of malignant gliomas (8) and contributes to the development of uterine leiomyomas (9), suggesting that the role of sFRP-1 is dependent on cell context. sFRP-1 has diverse activities, from inducing angiogenesis (10) in a variety of in vivo models to helping regulate Wnt-4 signaling (with sFRP-2) in renal organogenesis (11). Mouse and human sFRP-1 proteins share 94% amino acid identity (1).
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Fukuhara, K, et al. (2002) J. Clin. Endocr. Metab. 87:1729.
Dufourcq, P. et al. (2002) Circulation 106: 3097.
Yoshino, K. et al. (2001) Mech. Dev. 102:45.
Secreted Frizzled Related Protein 1
Entrez Gene IDs:
6422 (Human); 20377 (Mouse); 84402 (Rat)
FRP1; FRP-1FrzA; FRPSARP-2; FrzA; SARP-2; SARP2sFRP-1; Secreted apoptosis-related protein 2; secreted frizzled-related protein 1; sFRP1; sFRP-1
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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