Human Syndecan-2/CD362 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF2965
AF2965-SP
Syndecan-2/CD362 in Human Skin.
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Product Details
Citations (1)
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Human Syndecan-2/CD362 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Syndecan-2/CD362 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human
(rh) Syndecan-3, rhSyndecan-4, recombinant mouse (rm) Syndecan-1, and rmSyndecan-2 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Syndecan-2/CD362
Glu19-Glu144
Accession # AAH49836
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Immunohistochemistry
5-15 µg/mL
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Immunohistochemistry Syndecan-2/CD362 antibody in Human Skin by Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P). View Larger

Syndecan-2/CD362 in Human Skin. Syndecan-2/CD362 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human skin using Goat Anti-Human Syndecan-2/CD362 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2965) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to keratinocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Syndecan-2/CD362

Syndecan-2, previously known as fibroglycan or heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is a member of the syndecan family of Type 1 transmembrane proteins capable of carrying heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans. The four vertebrate syndecans show conserved cytoplasmic domains and divergent extracellular portions (except for GAG attachment sites). Among the Syndecans, Syndecan-2 is most similar to Syndecan-4 (1‑3). Human Syndecan-2 is synthesized as a 201 amino acid (aa) core protein with an 18 aa signal sequence, a 126 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 25 aa transmembrane region and a 32 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). The human ECD of Syndecan-2 contains three closely-spaced consensus Ser-Gly sequences for the attachment of HS side chains. It shares 76%, 73%, 87%, 78% and 63% aa identity with the ECD of mouse, rat, bovine, canine and chicken Syndecan-2, respectively. The cytoplasmic tail has both serine and tyrosine phosphorylation sites. Addition of 20‑80 disaccharides per side chain adds considerably to the size of the 22 kDa core protein. Non-covalent homodimerization of Syndecan-2 is dependent on the transmembrane domain (5). Syndecan-2 is expressed in cells of mesenchymal origin, neuronal and epithelial cells, and is the predominant syndecan expressed during embryonic development. Expression is upregulated in several cancer cell lines (6). After induction in macrophages by inflammatory mediators, Syndecan-2 selectively binds FGFbasic, VEGF and EGF (7). Syndecan-2 expressed on human primary osteoblasts binds GM-CSF and may function as a co-receptor (8). Activated endothelial cell Syndecan-2 specifically binds IL-8 and may participate in promoting neutrophil extravasation by forming a chemotactic IL-8 gradient (9). Typically, cytokine, chemokine and extracellular matrix protein binding occurs through interaction with HS side chains, but the Syndecan-2 extracellular domain can bind TGF-beta directly via protein-protein interaction (10).

References
  1. Tkachenko, E. et al. (2005) Circ. Res. 96:488.
  2. Oh, E.-S, and J. R. Couchman (2004) Mol. Cells 17:181.
  3. Essner, J. J. et al. (2006) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 38:152.
  4. Marynen, P. et al. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264:7017.
  5. Choi, S. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:42573.
  6. Park, H. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:29730.
  7. Clasper, S. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:24113.
  8. Modrowski, D. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:9178.
  9. Halden, Y. et al. (2004) Biochem. J. 377:533.
  10. Chen, L. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:15715.
Entrez Gene IDs
6383 (Human); 15529 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
CD362 antigen; CD362; Fibroglycan; heparan sulfate proteoglycan 1, cell surface-associated; Heparan sulfate proteoglycan core protein; HSPG; HSPG1; HSPG1syndecan proteoglycan 2; SDC2; SYND2; SYND2cell surface-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan 1; syndecan 2; Syndecan2; Syndecan-2

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Citation for Human Syndecan-2/CD362 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Angioinhibitory action of NK4 involves impaired extracellular assembly of fibronectin mediated by perlecan-NK4 association.
    Authors: Sakai K, Nakamura T, Matsumoto K, Nakamura T
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009-06-24;284(33):22491-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: ICC

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