Human TGIF1 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q15583
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
TGIF1 in Human Squamous Cell Carcinoma. TGIF1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human squamous cell carcinoma using Mouse Anti-Human TGIF1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB75551) at 25 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to nuclei. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
TGIF1 (5'-TG[TCA]-3' Interacting Protein 1) also known as Transforming Growth Factor beta-induced Factor 1 and HPE4, is a 43 kDa (predicted) member of the TALE/TGIF homeobox family of proteins. It is widely expressed, and serves as a transcriptional corepressor for SMAD2-induced gene activation. Evidence suggests that it either complexes with c-jun and cPML, or interacts with HDAC in the nucleus to perform this function. It also binds to RXR response elements, blocking RXR-mediated gene activation. Such interactions are of considerable importance during fetal and neonatal development. Human TGIF1 is 401 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a DNA-binding homeobox domain (aa 164-226) and two consecutive repressor domains (aa 267-401). There are multiple splice variants. One is very well characterized, is 33-35 kDa in size, and shows a four aa substitution for aa 1-133. This is most active when phosphorylated, which adds approximately 2-4 kDa to its SDS-PAGE MW. Two other splice forms contain a 19 aa substitution for aa 1-134, and utilize an alternative start site at Met150, respectively. Over aa 245-359, human TGIF1 shares 81% aa sequence identity with mouse TGIF1.
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