Human VAP-B Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Detection of Human VAP‑B by Western Blot.
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Product Details
Citations (2)
Supplemental Products
Reviews (1)

Human VAP-B Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects human VAP-B in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 25% cross-reactivity with recombinant human VAP-A is observed.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 736904
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
E. coli-derived recombinant human VAP-B
Accession # O95292
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.


Recommended Concentration
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
See below
8-25 µg/mL
See below
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
2.5 µg/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Western Blot Detection of Human VAP-B antibody by Western Blot. View Larger

Detection of Human VAP‑B by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line, and human heart tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human VAP-B Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB58551) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF007). A specific band was detected for VAP-B at approximately 32-33 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.

Immunohistochemistry VAP-B antibody in Human Brain by Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P). View Larger

VAP‑B in Human Brain. VAP-B was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human brain (medulla) using Mouse Anti-Human VAP-B Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB58551) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to the cytoplasm of neurons. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry Detection of VAPB antibody in T98G Human Cell Line antibody by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of VAPB in T98G Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. T98G human glioblastoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human VAP-B Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB58551, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehye and permeabilized with saponin.

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: VAP-B

Vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)-associated protein B (VAP-B; also VAMP-B) is an ~30 kDa ubiquitously expressed type IV transmembrane protein belonging to the VAP family (1, 2). It is found in endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi and other membranes as a homodimer or a heterodimer with VAP-A, probably associating through a GxxxG motif in the transmembrane regions (1, 2). Human VAP-B cDNA encodes 243 amino acids (aa) that include a 222 aa cytoplasmic domain and a 21 aa C-terminal membrane anchor. The cytoplasmic domain contains a mobile sperm protein (MSP) domain (aa 7‑124) and a coiled-coil region (aa 159‑196). Human VAP-B shares 90%, 89%, 96%, 96% and 94% aa identity with mouse, rat, canine, bovine and porcine VAP-B, respectively. VAP-A and VAP-B MSP domains recruit FFAT (two phenylalanines in an acidic tract)-motif-containing proteins to the cytosolic surface of ER membranes (2‑4). FFAT proteins mediate many of the effects of VAPs on regulation of membrane transport, phospholipid biosynthesis, microtubule organization, and the unfolded protein response (2, 3). VAPs also interact with some SNARE and viral proteins (2). A human polymorphism of VAP-B, P56S, is found in three familial motor neuron diseases, notably the amylotrophic lateral sclerosis variant ALS8 (2). It produces a non-functional protein that can dimerize with and inhibit function of normal VAP-B, leading formation of intracellular aggregates and increased ER-stress-induced death of motor neurons (5‑7). It can also promote cleavage and secretion of soluble VAP-B, which can then function as a ligand for EPH receptors (8). A naturally occurring 99 aa isoform of VAP-B that diverges at aa 71 within the MSP domain is termed VAP-C (1, 9). It also appears to be a negative regulator of VAP-A and VAP-B (9). While VAP-B is used by hepatitis C virus (HCV) for its propagation, VAP-C inhibits HCV propagation (9).

  1. Nishimura, Y. et al. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 254:21.
  2. Lev, S. et al. (2008) Trends Cell Biol. 18:282.
  3. Peretti, D. et al., 2008, Mol. Biol. Cell 19:3871.
  4. Kaiser, S.E. et al., 2005, Structure 13:1035.
  5. Prosser, D.C. et al. (2008) J. Cell Sci. 121:3052.
  6. Gkogkas, C. et al. (2008) Hum. Mol. Genet. 17:1517.
  7. Suzuki, H. et al. (2009) J. Neurochem. 108:973.
  8. Tsuda, H. et al. (2008) Cell 133:963.
  9. Kukihara, H. et al. (2009) J. Virol. 83:7959.
Long Name
VAMP [Vesicle-associated Membrane Protein]-associated Protein B and C
Entrez Gene IDs
9217 (Human); 56491 (Mouse); 60431 (Rat)
Alternate Names
ALS8; ALS8VAMP-B/VAMP-C; VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein)-associated protein B and C; VAMP-associated 33 kDa protein; VAMP-associated protein B/C; VAMP-B; VAMP-C; VAPB; VAP-B; VAP-B/VAP-C; VAPC; VAP-C; vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B/C

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Citations for Human VAP-B Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. An anaplerotic approach to correct the mitochondrial dysfunction in ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T)
    Authors: AJ Yeo, GN Subramania, KL Chong, M Gatei, RG Parton, D Coman, MF Lavin
    Molecular Metabolism, 2021;0(0):101354.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot
  2. NPC1 regulates ER contacts with endocytic organelles to mediate cholesterol egress
    Authors: D Höglinger, T Burgoyne, E Sanchez-He, P Hartwig, A Colaco, J Newton, CE Futter, S Spiegel, FM Platt, ER Eden
    Nat Commun, 2019;10(1):4276.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot


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Human VAP-B Antibody
By Anonymous on 02/09/2022
Application: IHC Sample Tested: Brain tissue Species: Human

Paraffin-embedded sections of human brain were incubated at 15 ug/mL overnight at 4 C.