|Detection of Mouse CXCL4/PF4 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysate of mouse platelets. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse CXCL4/PF4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF595) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for CXCL4/PF4 at approximately 11 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.|
CXCL4 is a member of the CXC chemokine family. Mouse CXCL4 is a 105 amino acid (aa) protein with a 29 aa signal sequence and a 76 aa mature protein. CXCL4 has homology with IL-8 and beta -thromboglobulin. Mouse and human CXCL4 share a 64% identity. Mouse and rat CXCL4 share 89% identity. CXCL4 contains several heparin-binding sites at the C-terminal region. The active protein consists of a tetramer composed of individual CXCL4 subunits. Megakaryocytes synthesize CXCL4 and store it as tetramers in alpha -granules. The CXCL4 tetramers are secreted by activated platelets and can be measured at micromolar levels in serum. In contrast to other CXC chemokines, CXCL4 lacks chemotactic activity for polymorphonuclear granulocytes. CXCL4 does not contain an ELR motif. However, many other fuctions have been observed for CXCL4. CXCL4 is involved in monocyte survivial and differentiation into macrophages, and it has anti-angiogenic activity. CXCL4 has been demonstrated to inhibit the binding of FGF-2 to high-affinity receptors and its subsequent internalization. Cell surface neutrophil chondroitin sulfate chains serve as CXCL4 binding sites; affinity is controlled by the degree of sulfation of these chains.
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