Measured by its ability to neutralize Follistatin‑related Gene Protein/FLRG inhibition of Activin A-dependent hemoglobin expression in the K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 3-12 µg/mL in the presence of 0.1 µg/mL Recombinant Mouse Follistatin‑related Gene Protein/FLRG and 7.5 ng/mL Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG Inhibition of Activin A-induced Hemoglobin Expression and Neutralization by Mouse Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG Antibody. Recombinant Mouse Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG (Catalog # 1255-F3) inhibits Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A (Catalog # 338-AC) induced hemoglobin expression in the K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by the psuedoperoxidase assay. Inhibition of Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A (7.5 ng/mL) activity elicited by Recombinant Mouse Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG (0.1 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Mouse Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1255). The ND50 is typically 3‑12 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Follistatin-related Gene Protein/FLRG
Follistatin-Related Gene Protein (FLRG), also known as follistatin-like 3 (FSTL3) is a glycoprotein belonging to the follistatin-module protein family. Mouse FLRG cDNA encodes a 256 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a putative 23 aa signal peptide, an N-terminal domain, two cysteine-rich follistatin-like domains (FS) and a C‑terminal acidic domain. Compared to follistatin, FLRG lacks the third FS domain found in follistatin. In addition, FLRG also lacks the heparin-binding domain found within the first amino-terminal FS domain of follistatin. Mouse and human FLRG share approximately 83% aa sequence homology. Like follistatin, FLRG has been shown to bind and inhibit the activities of TGF-beta family ligands including activin, BMP-2, -6, -7 and GDF-8/myostatin. While both FLRG and follistatin are located in a wide and overlapping range of adult and fetal tissue, their sites of peak expression differ: FLRG most highly in heart, lung, kidney, placenta and testis, while follistatin is highest in ovary and pituitary. The expression of FLRG is upregulated by TGF-beta and activin signaling through Smad proteins. Although FLRG is a secreted protein in many cell types, it has also been localized to the nuclear compartment in HeLa, 293 and CHO cells (1‑5).
Tsuchida, K. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:40778.
Sidis, Y. et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143:1613.
Tortoriello, D.V. et al. (2001) Endocrinology 142:3426.
Hill, J. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:40735.
Bartholin, L. et al. (2001) Oncogene 20:5409.
Entrez Gene IDs:
10272 (Human); 83554 (Mouse)
FLRG; FLRGFSRP; follistatin-like 3 (secreted glycoprotein); Follistatin-like 3; Follistatin-like protein 3; Follistatin-related gene protein; follistatin-related protein 3; FSTL3
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