Detection of IL‑1 RII in EL‑4 Mouse Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. EL‑4 mouse lymphoblast cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Mouse IL‑1 RII Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF563, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog #|
AB‑108‑C, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0108).
|IL‑1 RII in Mouse Spleen. IL‑1 RII was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse spleen using Goat Anti-Mouse IL‑1 RII Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF563) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
Two distinct types of receptors that bind the pleiotropic cytokines IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta have been described. The IL-1 receptor type I is an 80 kDa transmembrane protein that is expressed predominantly by T cells, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. IL-1 receptor type II is a 68 kDa transmembrane protein found on B lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, large granular leukocytes and endothelial cells. Both receptors are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and show approximately 28% sequence similarity in their extracellular domains. The two receptor types do not heterodimerize in a receptor complex. Mouse IL-1 RII shares 59% amino acid sequence homology with human IL-1 RII in their extracellular domains.
An IL-1 receptor accessory protein (1) that can heterodimerize with the type I receptor in the presence of IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta but not IL-1ra, was identified. This type I receptor complex appears to mediate all the known IL-1 biological responses. The receptor type II has a short cytoplasmic domain and does not transduce IL-1 signals. In addition to the membrane-bound form of IL-1 RII, a naturally-occurring soluble form of IL-1 RII has been described. It has been suggested that the type II receptor, either as the membrane-bound or as the soluble form, serves as a decoy for IL-1 and inhibits IL-1 action by blocking the binding of IL-1 to the signaling type I receptor complex. Recombinant IL-1 soluble receptor type II is a potent antagonist of IL-1 action.
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