Detects mouse and rat Thrombopoietin/Tpo in direct ELISAs. Neutralizes the biological activity of recombinant mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo. It will also neutralize the activity of recombinant human (rh) Thrombopoietin/Tpo, although 25 times the amount of Ig is required. In direct ELISAs less than 15% cross‑reactivity with rhTpo is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo and S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Measured by its ability to neutralize Thrombopoietin/Tpo-induced proliferation in the MO7e human megakaryocytic leukemic cell line. Avanzi, G. et al. (1988) Br. J. Haematol. 69:359. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.1‑0.3 µg/mL in the presence of 3 ng/mL Recombinant Mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by Thrombopoietin/Tpo and Neutralization by Mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo Antibody.
Recombinant Mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo (Catalog # 488-TO) stimulates proliferation in the MO7e human megakaryocytic leukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Mouse Thrombopoietin/Tpo (3 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti‑Mouse/Rat Thrombopoietin/Tpo Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF‑488‑NA). The ND50 is typically 0.1‑0.3 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Thrombopoietin (Tpo), is a key regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis. It is principally produced in the liver and is bound and internalized by the receptor Tpo R/c-mpl. Defects in the Tpo-Tpo R signaling pathway are associated with a variety of platelet disorders (1‑3). The 356 amino acid (aa) mouse Tpo precursor is cleaved to yield the 335 aa mature protein. Mature mouse Tpo shares 71% and 81% aa sequence homology with human and rat Tpo, respectively. It is an 80‑85 kDa protein that consists of an N-terminal domain with homology to Erythropoietin (Epo) and a C‑terminal domain that contains multiple N-linked and O-linked glycosylation sites (4, 5). Tissue specific alternate splicing of mouse Tpo generates multiple isoforms with internal deletions, insertions, and/or C‑terminal substitutions (6). Tpo promotes the differentiation, proliferation, and maturation of MK and their progenitors (4, 5, 7). Several other cytokines can promote these functions as well but only in cooperation with Tpo (8, 9). Notably, IL-3 independently induces MK development, although its effects are restricted to early in the MK lineage (8, 9). Tpo additionally promotes platelet production, aggregation, ECM adhesion, and activation (10 - 13). It is cleaved by platelet-derived thrombin following Arg191 within the C‑terminal domain and subsequently at other sites upon extended digestion (14). Full length Tpo and shorter forms circulate in the plasma (4, 5). The C‑terminal domain is not required for binding to Tpo R or inducing MK growth and differentiation (5). Aside from its hematopoietic effects, Tpo is expressed in the brain where it promotes the apoptosis of hypoxia-sensitized neurons and inhibits neuronal differentiation by blocking NGF-induced signaling (15, 16).
Deutsch, V.R. and A. Tomer (2006) Br. J. Haematol. 134:453.
Kaushansky, K. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115:3339.
Li, J. et al. (1999) Br. J. Haematol. 106:345.
Bartley, T.D. et al. (1994) Cell 77:1117.
de Sauvage, F.J. et al. (1994) Nature 369:533.
Marcucci, R. and M. Romano (2008) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1782:427.
Kaushansky, K. et al. (1994) Nature 369:568.
Kaushansky, K. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92:3234.
Broudy, V.C. et al. (1995) Blood 85:1719.
Lok, S.I. et al. (1994) Nature 369:565.
Chen, J. et al. (1995) Blood 86:4054.
Oda, A. et al. (1996) Blood 87:4664.
Van Os, E. et al. (2003) Br. J. Haematol. 121:482.
Kato, T. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 94:4669.
Ehrenreich, H. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:862.
Samoylenko, A. et al. (2008) Cell. Signal. 20:154.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Have you used Mouse/Rat Thrombopoietin/Tpo Antibody?
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.