Detects equine IL‑10 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant canine IL-10 and recombinant porcine IL-10 is observed and less than 0.4% cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL-10, recombinant mouse IL-10, recombinant rat IL-10, and recombinant feline IL-10 is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
E. coli-derived recombinant equine IL-10 Ser19-Asn178 Accession # Q28374
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.15 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Recombinant Equine IL-10 Protein (Catalog #
Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑10-induced proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.2-0.6 µg/mL in the presence of 20 ng/mL Recombinant Equine IL‑10.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑10 and Neutralization by Equine IL‑10 Antibody.
Recombinant Equine IL‑10 (Catalog # 1605-IL) stimulates proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Equine IL‑10 (20 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Equine IL‑10 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1605). The ND50 is typically 0.2-0.6 µg/mL.
IL‑10 in Equine PBMCs.
IL‑10 was detected in immersion fixed equine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) treated with calcium ionomycin and PMA using Goat Anti-Equine IL‑10 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1605) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin 10 (IL-10), initially designated cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), was originally identified as a product of mouse T helper 2 (Th2) cells that inhibited the cytokine production by Th1 cells. It is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates the immune and inflammatory responses of hematopoietic cells (1, 2). IL-10 has immunosuppressive activities and has been shown to inhibit the effector functions of monocyte/macrophage and CD4+ T cells. Conversely, IL-10 has immunostimulatory activities and can induce the proliferation and cytotoxic activity of CD8+ T cells and NK cells. IL-10 also regulates the growth and differentiation of B cells, mast cells, dendritic cells and neutrophils (1). The biological activities of IL-10 is mediated by the heteromeric IL-10 receptor complex, which is composed of the ligand-binding IL-10R alpha and the accessory IL-10R beta subunits. Both subunits belong to the class II cytokine receptor family. IL-10R beta is also utilized as a subunit in the heterodimer receptor complex for IL-22, IL-28 and IL-29. Besides IL-10, five novel cytokines (IL-19, -20, -22, -24, and -26) that share structural and limited sequence homology with IL-10 have been identified. These proteins constitute the IL-10 cytokine family (3).
Equine IL-10 cDNA encodes a 178 amino acid residue (aa) precursor protein with an 18 aa signal peptide and 160 aa mature protein that contains two potential N-linked glycosylation sites. Analogous to human IL-10, equine IL-10 likely exists as nondisulfide-linked homodimers. Equine IL-10 shares 71% and 78% aa sequence homology with mouse and human IL-10, respectively.
Moore, K. et al. (2001) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 19:683.
Mocellin, S. et al. (2003) Trends in Immunol. 23:36.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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