Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody MAB270-100: R&D Systems

Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody

(4 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human CCL3/MIP-1 alpha in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, greater than 75% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) CCL4/MIP-1 beta is observed while approximately 30% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) CCL3, rmCCL4/MIP-1 beta, and rhCCL14 is observed. No cross-reactivity with rhCCL1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, rmCCL1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9/10/MIP-1 gamma, 11, 12, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, or recombinant rat CCL20 is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 93321
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
    Ala27-Ala92
    Accession # P10147
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha isoform LD78a (Catalog # 270-LD) under non-reducing conditions only
  • Immunocytochemistry
    8-25 µg/mL
    Immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated with PHA
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize CCL3/MIP-1 alpha -induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.075-0.375 µg/mL in the presence of 10 ng/mL Recombinant Human CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha isoform LD78a.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Chemotaxis Induced by CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha and Neutralization by Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody. Recombinant Human CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha isoform LD78a (Catalog # 270-LD) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha isoform LD78a (10 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Human CCL3/CCL4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB270). The ND50 is typically 0.075‑0.375 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
The macrophage inflammatory proteins -1 alpha and -1 beta were originally co-purified from medium conditioned by an LPS-stimulated murine macrophage cell line. Human MIP‑1 alpha refers to the products of several independently cloned cDNAs, including LD78, pL78, pAT464, and GOS19. These cDNAs all code for the same human protein that is a homologue of the murine MIP‑1 alpha. Mature MIP-1 alpha and MIP‑1 beta in both human and mouse share approximately 70% homology at the amino acid level. The MIP‑1 proteins are members of the beta (C-C) subfamily of chemokines. Both MIP‑1 alpha and MIP-1 beta are monocyte chemoattractants in vitro. Additionally, the MIP‑1 proteins have been reported to have chemoattractant and adhesive effects on lymphocytes, with MIP‑1 alpha and MIP‑1 beta preferentially attracting CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, respectively. MIP‑1 alpha has also been shown to attract B cells as well as eosinophils. MIP‑1 proteins have been reported to have multiple effects on hematopoietic precursor cells and MIP‑1 alpha has been identified as a stem cell inhibitory factor that can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells in vitro as well as in vivo. The functional receptor for MIP‑1 alpha has been identified as CCR1 and CCR5.
  • References:
    1. Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    6348 (Human); 20302 (Mouse); 25542 (Rat); 448787 (Canine)
  • Alternate Names:
    C-C motif chemokine 3; MIP1-(a); AI323804; CCL3; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3; G0S19-1; LD78a; LD78alpha; MIP1 alpha; MIP-1 alpha; Mip1a; MIP-1alpha; MIP1-alpha; Scya3
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

4 Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Macrophage inflammatory protein derivative ECI301 enhances the alarmin-associated abscopal benefits of tumor radiotherapy.
    Authors: Kanegasaki S, Matsushima K, Shiraishi K, Nakagawa K, Tsuchiya T
    Cancer Res, 2014;74(18):5070-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Beads
    Application: Co-immunoprecipitation
  2. A comprehensive ex vivo functional analysis of human NKT cells reveals production of MIP1-alpha and MIP1-beta, a lack of IL-17, and a Th1-bias in males.
    Authors: Snyder-Cappione JE, Tincati C, Eccles-James IG, Cappione AJ, Ndhlovu LC, Koth LL, Nixon DF
    PLoS ONE, 2010;5(11):e15412.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ELISpot Development
  3. Intratumoral induction of CD103 triggers tumor-specific CTL function and CCR5-dependent T-cell retention.
    Authors: Franciszkiewicz K, Le Floc'h A, Jalil A, Vigant F, Robert T, Vergnon I, Mackiewicz A, Benihoud K, Validire P, Chouaib S, Combadiere C, Mami-Chouaib F
    Cancer Res., 2009;69(15):6249-55.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
  4. Induction of host chemotactic response by Encephalitozoon spp.
    Authors: Fischer J, West J, Agochukwu N, Suire C, Hale-Donze H
    Infect. Immun., 2007;75(4):1619-25.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
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