|Detection of ICAM‑4 in Human Red Blood Cells by Flow Cytometry. Human red blood cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human ICAM‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB8397, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0041, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B).|
ICAM-4 (Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 4), also known as Landsteiner-Wiener Glycoprotein and CD242, is a 42 kDa member of the ICAM family, Ig superfamily of proteins. It is expressed on erythrocytes and erythroblasts, and serves as a receptor for LFA-1, Mac-1, and CD11c/CD18, plus alpha 4 beta 1 and alpha-V containing integrins. ICAM-4 is suggested to bind to Mac-1 on macrophages, allowing for its phagocytosis in senescence. Mature human ICAM-4 is a 249 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane glycoprotein. It possesses a 218 aa extracellular region (aa 23-240) that contains two C2-type Ig-like domains (aa 62-124 and 146-217), and a 10 aa C-terminal cytoplasmic tail. ICAM-4 may form 85 kDa homodimers. There are three potential isoform variants. One shows a five aa substitution for aa 233-271, a second contains a 15 aa substitution for aa 14-29, and a third possesses a 141 aa substitution for aa 132-271. Over aa 31-240, human ICAM-4 shares 71% aa identity with mouse ICAM-4.
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