Human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 Biotinylated Antibody

(18 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 4% cross-reactivity with recombinant rat
    IL‑1 beta is observed and less than 0.1% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑1 beta and recombinant porcine IL‑1 beta is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2
    Ala117-Ser269
    Accession # NP_000567
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
  • Label
    Biotin
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (Catalog # 201-LB)
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
    • Human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 Sandwich Immunoassay
      Reagent
  • ELISA Capture (Matched Antibody Pair)
    2-8 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antibody (Catalog # MAB601)
  • ELISA Capture (Matched Antibody Pair)
    2-8 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antibody (Catalog # MAB601R)
  • ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
    0.1-0.4 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Biotinylated Antibody (Catalog # BAF201)
  • ELISA Standard
     
    Recombinant Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Protein (Catalog # 201-LB)
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 in Human PBMCs. IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF201) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Streptavidin (red; Catalog # NL999) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Immunocytochemistry
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 in Human PBMCs. IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF201) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2

IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 21% amino acid (aa) identity in human. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI. The human IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 269 aa precursor. A 116 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine. The 17 kDa mature human IL-1 beta shares 96% aa sequence identity with rhesus and 67-78% with canine, cotton rat, equine, feline, mouse, porcine, and rat IL-1 beta.

  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 1 beta
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3553 (Human); 16176 (Mouse); 24494 (Rat); 397122 (Porcine); 403974 (Canine); 100034237 (Equine); 100135556 (Guinea Pig)
  • Alternate Names:
    catabolin; IL1 beta; IL-1 beta; IL-1; IL1B; IL-1b; IL1-BETA; IL-1F2; IL1F2IL-1 beta; interleukin 1, beta; interleukin-1 beta; preinterleukin 1 beta; pro-interleukin-1-beta
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

18 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. A20 restricts ubiquitination of pro-interleukin-1beta protein complexes and suppresses NLRP3 inflammasome activity.
    Authors: Duong B, Onizawa M, Oses-Prieto J, Advincula R, Burlingame A, Malynn B, Ma A
    Immunity, 2015;42(1):55-67.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  2. Noninvasive detection of acute and chronic injuries in human renal transplant by elevation of multiple cytokines/chemokines in urine.
    Authors: Hu H, Kwun J, Aizenstein BD, Knechtle SJ
    Transplantation, 2009;87(12):1814-20.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Urine
    Application: Antibody Array Development
  3. Resistance of human alveolar macrophages to Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin.
    Authors: Wu W, Mehta H, Chakrabarty K, Booth JL, Duggan ES, Patel KB, Ballard JD, Coggeshall KM, Metcalf JP
    J. Immunol., 2009;183(9):5799-806.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
  4. Endogenous IL-32 controls cytokine and HIV-1 production.
    Authors: Nold MF, Nold-Petry CA, Pott GB, Zepp JA, Saavedra MT, Kim SH, Dinarello CA
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(1):557-65.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Electrochemiluminescence
  5. Bacterial vaginosis, not HIV, is primarily responsible for increased vaginal concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines.
    Authors: Mitchell CM, Balkus J, Agnew KJ, Cohn S, Luque A, Lawler R, Coombs RW, Hitti JE
    AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 2008;24(5):667-71.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Vaginal Fluid
    Application: ELISA Development
  6. Upregulation of human cytomegalovirus by HIV type 1 in human lymphoid tissue ex vivo.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Iglehart SJ, Lisco A, Vanpouille C, Grivel JC, Lurain NS, Reichelderfer PS, Margolis LB
    AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 2008;24(3):453-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Luminex Development
  7. Abnormal activation and cytokine spectra in lymph nodes of people chronically infected with HIV-1.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Grivel JC, Iglehart SJ, Vanpouille C, Lisco A, Sieg SF, Debernardo R, Garate K, Rodriguez B, Margolis LB, Lederman MM
    Blood, 2007;109(10):4272-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Luminex Development
  8. HIV-1 pathogenesis differs in rectosigmoid and tonsillar tissues infected ex vivo with CCR5- and CXCR4-tropic HIV-1.
    Authors: Grivel JC, Elliott J, Lisco A, Biancotto A, Condack C, Shattock RJ, McGowan I, Margolis L, Anton P
    AIDS, 2007;21(10):1263-72.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Luminex Development
  9. Clinical outcome following acute ischaemic stroke relates to both activation and autoregulatory inhibition of cytokine production.
    Authors: Emsley HC, Smith CJ, Gavin CM
    BMC Neurol, 2007;7(0):5.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma
    Application: ELISA Development
  10. Effect of serum content and diluent selection on assay sensitivity and signal intensity in multiplex bead-based immunoassays.
    Authors: Pfleger C, Schloot N, ter Veld F
    J. Immunol. Methods, 2007;329(1):214-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: Luminex Development
  11. Ultrasensitive flow-based immunoassays using single-molecule counting.
    Authors: Todd J, Freese B, Lu A, Held D, Morey J, Livingston R, Goix P
    Clin. Chem., 2007;53(11):1990-5.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma
    Application: ELISA Development
  12. HIV-1-infected and/or immune activated macrophages regulate astrocyte SDF-1 production through IL-1beta.
    Authors: Peng H, Erdmann N, Whitney N, Dou H, Gorantla S, Gendelman HE, Ghorpade A, Zheng J
    Glia, 2006;54(6):619-29.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
  13. Changes in periodontal and rheumatological conditions after 2 years in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
    Authors: Miranda LA, Braga F, Fischer RG, Sztajnbok FR, Figueredo CM, Gustafsson A
    J. Periodontol., 2006;77(10):1695-700.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF)
    Application: ELISA Development
  14. Th2 cytokine response in Major Depressive Disorder patients before treatment.
    Authors: Pavon L, Kiryushko D, Novitskaya V, Sandoval-Lopez G, Eugenia Hernandez M, Soroka V, Klingelhofer J, Loria F, Estrada I, Lukanidin E, Berezin V, Perez M, Moreno J, Bock E, Avila U, Leff P, Anton B, Heinze G
    J. Neuroimmunol., 2006;172(1):156-65.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Development
  15. Marked differences in human melanoma antigen-specific T cell responsiveness after vaccination using a functional microarray.
    Authors: Chen DS, Soen Y, Stuge TB
    PLoS Med., 2005;2(10):e265.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: functional microarray
  16. Direct comparison of traditional ELISAs and membrane protein arrays for detection and quantification of human cytokines.
    Authors: Copeland S, Siddiqui J, Remick D
    J. Immunol. Methods, 2004;284(1):99-106.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Array Development
  17. Fractalkine reduces N-methyl-d-aspartate-induced calcium flux and apoptosis in human neurons through extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation.
    Authors: Deiva K, Geeraerts T, Salim H, Leclerc P, Hery C, Hugel B, Freyssinet JM, Tardieu M
    Eur. J. Neurosci., 2004;20(12):3222-32.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
  18. Measurement of interleukin-33 (IL-33) and IL-33 receptors (sST2 and ST2L) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Hong YS, Moon S, Moon SJ, Joo YB, Joo Y, Jeon C, Jeon CH, Cho ML, Ju JH, Oh HJ, Heo YJ, Heo Y, Park SH, Kim HY, Min JK
    J Korean Med Sci, 0;26(9):1132-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Development
Expand to show all 18 Citations
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Biotinylated Control

Ctrl BAF108 19
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NorthernLights Streptavidin NL557

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NorthernLights Streptavidin NL493

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Avidin-Fluorescein

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EvenCoat Streptavidin Coated Plates, 5 Pack

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