Human IL-36 gamma /IL-1F9 Antibody

(3 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) IL-36 alpha is observed, approximately 5% cross-reactivity with rhIL-37 is observed, and less than 1% cross-reactivity with rhIL-1 alpha, rhIL-1 beta, rhIL‑36Ra, and rhIL‑36 beta is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 2320-IL)
    Met1-Asp169
    Accession # Q9NZH8
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.5 µg/mL
    See below
  • Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
    In a functional ELISA, 0.7-2.8 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 5 μg/mL of Recombinant Human IL-1 Rrp2/IL-1 R6 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 872-RP) to immobilized Recombinant Human IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 (Catalog # 2320-IL) coated at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 10 μg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 20 ng/mL Recombinant Human IFN‑ gamma (Catalog # 285‑IF) and 20 ng/mL Recombinant Human TNF‑ alpha (Catalog # 210‑TA) for 6 hours. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2320) followed by HRP‑conjugated Anti‑Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑36 gamma /IL‑1F9 at approximately 18 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9

Human interleukin 1 family member #9 [IL-1F9; also named Interleukin-36 gamma, IL36G, IL-1 epsilon  (epsilon) and IL-1H1] is a member of the IL-1 family, which includes IL-1 beta, IL-1 alpha, IL-1ra, IL-18 and IL-1F5 through F10 (1‑4). All family members show a 12 beta -strand, beta -trefoil configuration, and are believed to have arisen from a common ancestral gene that has undergone multiple duplications (4). IL-1F9 is synthesized as a 19 kDa, 169 amino acid (aa) protein that contains no signal sequence, no prosegment and no potential N-linked glycosylation site (1, 2, 5). The molecule is secreted when transfected into 293-T cells (5). Human to mouse, IL-1F9 has 53% aa sequence identity. Within the family, IL-1F9 shares 30%, 23%, 33%, 57%, 35%, 45%, and 32% aa sequence identity with IL-1 ra, IL-1 beta, IL-1F5, F6, F7, F8, and F10, respectively. Cells reported to express IL-1F9 include Langerhans cells, keratinocytes/stratified squamous epithelium, plus Chief cells and Parietal cells of the stomach (4, 5). The receptor for IL‑1F9 is reported to be a combination of IL-1 Rrp2 and IL-1 RAcP (6). Recombinant IL-1F9, along with IL-1F8 and IL-1F6, has been shown to activate the pathway involving NF-kappa B and MAPK in an IL-1 Rrp2 dependent manner.

  • References:
    1. Smith, D.E. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:1169.
    2. Kumar, S. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:10308.
    3. Nicklin, M.J.H. et al. (2002) Genomics. 79:718.
    4. Dunn, E. et al. (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:533.
    5. Debets, R. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1440.
    6. Towne, J.E. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:13677.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 36 gamma/Interleukin 1 Family 9
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    56300 (Human); 215257 (Mouse); 499744 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    IL-1 epsilon; IL-1 H1; IL-1 Related Protein 2; IL-1(EPSILON); IL1E; IL-1-epsilon; IL1F9; IL-1F9; IL1H1; IL-1H1; IL-1-Related Protein 2; IL1RP2; IL-1rp2; IL36 gamma; IL-36 gamma; IL36G; interleukin 1 family, member 9; interleukin 1-related protein 2; Interleukin 36, Gamma; Interleukin-1 epsilon; interleukin-1 family member 9; Interleukin-1 homolog 1; Interleukin-36 Gamma
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Application of IL-36 receptor antagonist weakens CCL20 expression and impairs recovery in the late phase of murine acetaminophen-induced liver injury.
    Authors: Scheiermann P, Bachmann M, Hardle L, Pleli T, Piiper A, Zwissler B, Pfeilschifter J, Muhl H
    Sci Rep, 2015;5(0):8521.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  2. IL-36gamma/IL-1F9, an innate T-bet target in myeloid cells.
    Authors: Bachmann M, Scheiermann P, Hardle L, Pfeilschifter J, Muhl H
    J Biol Chem, 2012;287(50):41684-96.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: WB
  3. The double-stranded RNA analogue polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid induces keratinocyte pyroptosis and release of IL-36 gamma.
    Authors: Lian LH, Milora KA, Manupipatpong KK, Jensen LE
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2012;132(5):1346-53.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
Isotype Controls
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Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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