Human Lymphotoxin-alpha /TNF-beta Antibody

(2 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TNF-alpha, rhsTNF RI and rhsTNF RII is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta
    Leu35-Leu205
    Accession # P01374
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta (Catalog # 211-TB)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta -induced cytotoxicity in the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line [Matthews, N. and M.L. Neale (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, A Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 221]. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.01-0.03 µg/mL in the presence of 0.25 ng/mL Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta and 1 µg/mL actinomycin D.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cytotoxicity Induced by Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta  and Neutralization by Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta Antibody. Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta (Catalog # 211-TB) induces cytotoxicity in the the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by crystal violet staining. Cytotoxicity elicited by Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin-alpha /TNF-beta (0.25 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-211-NA). The ND50 is typically 0.01‑0.03 µg/mL in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D (1 µg/mL).

Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Lymphotoxin-alpha/TNF-beta

Tumor necrosis factor beta (TNF-beta ), also known as lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha ), and TNF-alpha, are two structurally and functionally related proteins that bind to the same cell surface receptors (TNF RI and TNF RII) and produce a vast range of similar, but not identical, effects. Among these effects is the ability to kill certain tumor cells directly, from which the names tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin both derive. Mature TNF-beta /LT-alpha and TNF-alpha share approximately 35% protein sequence homology and the biologically active secreted forms of both proteins are homotrimers. Whereas TNF-alpha can exist as a type II membrane protein, TNF-beta /LT-alpha possesses a typical signal peptide sequence and is a secreted protein. It has been shown that TNF-beta /LT-alpha is also present on the cell surface of activated T, B, and LAK cells as a heteromeric complex with LT-beta, a type II membrane protein that is another member of the TNF ligand family. The genes for TNF-alpha, TNF-beta /LT-alpha, and LT-beta are closely linked within the major histocompatibility complex.

TNF-beta /LT-alpha is expressed in activated T- and B-lymphocytes. In addition to its cytotoxic action on tumor cells, TNF-beta /LT-alpha has been shown to be a mediator of inflammation and immune function. Evidence is also accumulating that TNF-beta /LT-alpha and TNF-alpha are mediators in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases. TNF-beta /LT-alpha has also been shown to have a role in lymphoid organ development. Human and mouse TNF-beta /LT-alpha share approximately 74% homology in their amino acid sequence and exhibit cross-species activity.

  • Long Name:
    Tumor Necrosis Factor beta
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    4049 (Human); 16992 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    LT; LTA; LT-alpha; lymphotoxin alpha (TNF superfamily, member 1); Lymphotoxin alpha; Lymphotoxinalpha; Lymphotoxin-alpha; tnfb; TNF-beta; TNFBlymphotoxin-alpha; TNFSF1; TNFSF1B; TNFSF1TNF-beta; tumor necrosis factor beta; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Lymphotoxin-alphabeta heterotrimers are cleaved by metalloproteinases and contribute to synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Young J, Yu X, Wolslegel K
    Cytokine, 2010;51(1):78-86.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
  2. Recapitulation of B cell differentiation in the central nervous system of patients with multiple sclerosis.
    Authors: Casazza S, Zappia E, Pistorio A, Gambini C
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2004;101(30):11064-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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