Human/Mouse TIMP-4 Antibody
Human/Mouse TIMP-4 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q99727
This antibody functions as an ELISA detection antibody when paired with Rat Anti-Mouse TIMP‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB7667). In sandwich immunoassays, this antibody is specific for mouse TIMP-4 when paired with the suggested capture antibody.
This product is intended for assay development on various assay platforms requiring antibody pairs. We recommend the Mouse TIMP-4 DuoSet ELISA Kit (Catalog # DY7667-05) for convenient development of a sandwich ELISA.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are a family of secreted proteins that regulate the activation and proteolytic activity of the zinc enzymes known as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). There are four known members of the family, TIMP-1, -2, -3, and -4. TIMP-4 is produced by a wide range of tissues, particularly brain, heart, ovary and skeletal muscle (1, 2). Limited studies have shown that TIMP-4 has a tumor suppressive effect against Wilm’s tumor, exhibits negative correlation with glioma maligancy and is found in breast carcinoma cells (3‑5). TIMP-4 inhibits MMP-mediated proteolysis by forming a non-covalent binary complex with the MMP active site through its N-terminal domain. In addition, it binds to the hemopexin-like domain of pro-MMP-2 through its C-terminal domain in a manner similar to TIMP-2 (6). However, unlike TIMP-2, TIMP-4 does not promote pro-MMP-2 activation by MT1-MMP (MMP-14) (7). Although TIMP-4 is a potent inhibitor of most MMPs, it is not an effective inhibitor of ADAMs, such as TACE (8, 9). Human TIMP-4 shares 89% sequence indentity with Mouse TIMP-4.
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- Leco, et al. (1997) FEBS Lett. 401:213.
- Geliker, et al. (2001) Oncogene 20:4337.
- Groft, et al. (2001) Br. J. Cancer 85:55.
- Hurst, et al. (2001) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 281:166.
- Bigg, et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:15496.
- Hernandez-Barrantes, et al. (2001) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 281:126.
- Amour, et al. (1998) FEBS Lett. 435:39.
- Liu, et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:20479.
Citation for Human/Mouse TIMP-4 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Effect of bimatoprost, latanoprost, and unoprostone on matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in human ciliary body smooth muscle cells.
Authors: Ooi YH, Oh DJ, Rhee DJ
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2009;50(11):5259-65.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: Western Blot
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