Mouse IL-10 Antibody

(3 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse IL-10 in Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL‑10 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant mouse IL‑10
    Ser19-Ser178
    Accession # NP_034678
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Mouse IL‑10 (Catalog # 417-ML)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑10-induced proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line [Thompson-Snipes, L. et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 173:507]. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 2-4 µg/mL in the presence of 2.5 ng/mL Recombinant Mouse IL‑10.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑10 and Neutralization by Mouse IL‑10 Antibody. Recombinant Mouse IL‑10 (Catalog # 417-ML) stimulates proliferation in the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Mouse IL‑10 (2.5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse IL‑10 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-417-NA). The ND50 is typically 2-4 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-10

Interleukin 10, also known as cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is the charter member of the IL-10 family of alpha -helical cytokines that also includes IL-19, IL‑20, IL-22, and IL-24 (1, 2). IL-10 is secreted by many activated hematopoietic cell types as well as hepatic stellate cells, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts (2‑5). Mature mouse IL-10 shares 85% amino acid sequence identity with rat and 70%‑77% with bovine, canine, equine, feline, human, ovine, and porcine IL-10. Whereas human IL-10 is active on mouse cells, mouse IL-10 does not act on human cells (6, 7). IL-10 is a 178 amino acid molecule that contains two intrachain disulfide bridges and is expressed as a 36 kDa noncovalently associated homodimer (8‑10). The IL-10 dimer binds to two IL-10 R alpha /IL-10 R1 chains, resulting in recruitment of two IL-10 R beta /IL-10 R2 chains and activation of a signaling cascade involving JAK1, TYK2, and STAT3 (11). IL-10 R beta does not bind IL-10 by itself but is required for signal transduction (1). IL-10 R beta also associates with IL‑20 R alpha, IL-22 R alpha, or IL-28 R alpha to form the receptor complexes for IL-22, IL-26, IL-28, and IL‑29 (12‑14). IL-10 is a critical molecule in the control of viral infections and allergic and autoimmune inflammation (15‑17). It promotes phagocytic uptake and Th2 responses but suppresses antigen presentation and Th1 proinflammatory responses (2).

  • References:
    1. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:929.
    2. O’Garra, A. and P. Vieira (2007) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 7:425.
    3. Mathurin, P. et al. (2002) Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 282:G981.
    4. Grewe, M. et al. (1995) J. Invest. Dermatol. 104:3.
    5. Szony, B.J. et al. (1999) Mol. Hum. Reprod. 5:1059.
    6. Vieira, P. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:1172.
    7. Hsu, D.-H. et al. (1990) Science 250:830.
    8. Moore, K. et al. (1990) Science 248:1230.
    9. Windsor, W.T. et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32:8807.
    10. Syto, R. et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37:16943.
    11. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (1997) EMBO J. 16:5894.
    12. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
    13. Hor, S. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:33343.
    14. Sheppard, P. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:63.
    15. Fitzgerald, D.C. et al. (2007) Nat. Immunol. 8:1372.
    16. Wu, K. et al. (2007) Cell. Mol. Immunol. 4:269.
    17. Blackburn, S.D. and E.J. Wherry (2007) Trends Microbiol. 15:143.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 10
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3586 (Human); 16153 (Mouse); 25325 (Rat); 397106 (Porcine); 403628 (Canine); 493683 (Feline); 100135553 (Guinea Pig); 2949786 (Viral)
  • Alternate Names:
    CSIF; CSIFMGC126450; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; IL10; IL-10; IL10A; IL-10MGC126451; interleukin 10; interleukin-10; TGIF
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Platelets provoke distinct dynamics of immune responses by differentially regulating CD4+ T-cell proliferation.
    Authors: Zhu L, Huang Z, Stalesen R, Hansson G, Li N
    J Thromb Haemost, 2014;12(7):1156-65.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Low-Dose Lipopolysaccharide Pretreatment Suppresses Choroidal Neovascularization via IL-10 Induction.
    Authors: Matsumura N, Kamei M, Tsujikawa M
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(7):e39890.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In Vivo
  3. Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor LAQ824 Augments Inflammatory Responses in Macrophages through Transcriptional Regulation of IL-10.
    Authors: Wang H, Cheng F
    J. Immunol., 2011;186(0):3986.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

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Secondary Antibodies
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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