Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑4 and Neutralization by Mouse IL‑4 Antibody. Recombinant Mouse IL‑4 (Catalog # 404-ML) stimulates proliferation in the HT‑2 mouse T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Rat Anti-Mouse|
IL‑4 (7.5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Rat Anti-Mouse IL‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB404). The ND50 is typically 0.1-0.6 µg/mL.
Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13-18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1‑4). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (5). Mouse IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 amino acid (aa) signal sequence. Mature mouse IL-4 shares 39%, 39%, and 59% aa sequence identity with bovine, human, and rat IL-4, respectively. Human, mouse, and rat IL-4 are species-specific in their activities (6-8). IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (9, 10). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and -21). The type II receptor on nonhematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgG1 and IgE in mouse B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (11‑14). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (13, 15).
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Showing Results 1 - 10 of 14
Filter your results:
Expand to show all
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
The document you requested is not available online. Please enter the Catalog Number and Lot Number below to have a document emailed to you at the address provided