Mouse PD-1 Antibody

(3 citations)
(1 Review)
  
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse PD-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant human PD‑1 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant mouse PD-1
    Leu25-Gln167
    Accession # Q02242
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.2 µg/mL
    See below
  • Flow Cytometry
    0.25 µg/106 cells
    Mouse splenocytes treated with PHA
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Mouse PD‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of 293T human embryonic kidney cell line mock transfected or transfected with mouse PD-1. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse PD‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1021) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for PD‑1 at approximately 75 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Immunohistochemistry
PD‑1 in Mouse Thymus. PD‑1 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse thymus using 15 µg/mL Mouse PD‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1021) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained (red) and counterstained (green). View our protocol for Fluorescent IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Immunohistochemistry
PD‑1 in Mouse Spleen. PD‑1 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse spleen using Goat Anti-Mouse PD‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1021) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm in splenocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PD-1
Programmed Death-1 (PD-1) is type I transmembrane protein belonging to the CD28/CTLA-4 family of immunoreceptors that mediate signals for regulating immune responses (1). Other members of this family include CD28, CTLA-4, and ICOS (2-4). PD-1 is most closely related to CTLA-4 and shares approximately 24% amino acid (aa) sequence identity. The mouse PD-1 gene encodes a 288 aa protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide, a 149 aa extracellular region with one immunoglobulin-like V-type domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 98 aa cytoplasmic region. The cytoplasmic tail contains two tyrosine residues that form the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif (ITSM) that are important in mediating PD-1 signaling. Mouse and human PD-1 share approximately 69% aa sequence identity. Two B7 family proteins, PD-L1 (also called B7-H1) and PD-L2, have been identified as PD-1 ligands (5, 6). PD-1 is expressed on activated T cells, B cells, myeloid cells, and on a subset of thymocytes. PD-1 deficient mice have a defect in peripheral tolerance and spontaneously develop autoimmune diseases. Binding of PD-1 to PD-L1 or PD-L2 results in the inhibition of TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production as well as BCR-mediated signaling. PD-1 likely has an inhibitory role in regulating immune responses (1-4).
  • References:
    1. Ishida, Y. et al. (1992) EMBO J. 11:3887.
    2. Sharpe, A.H. and G.J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
    3. Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
    4. Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends in Immunol. 22:265.
    5. Latchman Y. et al. (2001) Nature Immun. 2:261.
    6. Tamura, H. et al. (2001) Blood 97:1809.
  • Long Name:
    Programmed Death-1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    5133 (Human); 18566 (Mouse); 301626 (Rat); 486213 (Canine); 102123659 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
  • Alternate Names:
    CD279 antigen; CD279; hPD-1; PD-1; PD1hPD-l; PDCD1; programmed cell death 1; programmed cell death protein 1; Protein PD-1; SLEB2
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. CD8?? intraepithelial lymphocytes arise from two main thymic precursors
    Authors: R Ruscher, RL Kummer, YJ Lee, SC Jameson, KA Hogquist
    Nat. Immunol., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  2. Anti-programmed cell death 1 antibody reduces CD4+PD-1+ T cells and relieves the lupus-like nephritis of NZB/W F1 mice.
    Authors: Kasagi S, Kawano S, Okazaki T, Honjo T, Morinobu A, Hatachi S, Shimatani K, Tanaka Y, Minato N, Kumagai S
    J. Immunol., 2010;184(5):2337-47.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
  3. Depletion of the programmed death-1 receptor completely reverses established clonal anergy in CD4(+) T lymphocytes via an interleukin-2-dependent mechanism.
    Authors: Bishop KD, Harris JE, Mordes JP, Greiner DL, Rossini AA, Czech MP, Phillips NE
    Cell. Immunol., 2009;256(1):86-91.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
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Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS008 13
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Immunohistochemistry Reagents
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

CTS015 10
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

CTS013 4
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CTS011 4
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent Sampler (50 mL each)

CTS016
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

CTS014
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NorthernLights Guard Mounting Media

NL996
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

VCTS023
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

VCTS022
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

VCTS021
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Isotype Controls
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Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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Summary

ApplicationELISA
Sample TestedHuman recombinant antibody
SpeciesMouse

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