|TWEAK R/TNFRSF12 in Mouse Kidney. TWEAK R/TNFRSF12 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse kidney using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Mouse TWEAK R/TNFRSF12 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1610) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis receptor (TWEAK R) belongs to the TNF receptor superfamily and is designated TNFRSF12. The gene for TWEAK R was originally identified as a fibroblast growth factor-inducible immediate-early response gene Fn14 in mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts (1, 2). Mouse TWEAK R cDNA encodes a 129 amino acid (aa) residues type I transmembrane protein with a 27 aa signal peptide, a 53 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 28 aa cytoplasmic domain (1-3). Human and mouse TWEAK R share 82% aa sequence identity. TWEAK R is the smallest member of the TNF receptor superfamily and contains only one cysteine-rich region in its extracellular domain. The TWEAK R cytoplasmic domain contains one TRAF binding motif which binds TRAFs 1, 2, and 3. TWEAK R binds its ligand TWEAK/TNFSF12 with high affinity to initiate a signal transduction cascade that depending upon the cell type, may lead to a variety of cellular responses including cell death by both caspase-dependent apoptosis and cathepsin B-dependent necrosis, cell proliferation, and angiogenesis (2-6). In newborn mice, TWEAK R is highly expressed in all tissues examined (heart, intestine, kidney, liver, lung, and skin) (1). In adult mice, high TWEAK R expression levels are found in the heart and ovary, while lower expression levels are detected in the lung, kidney, skin. Elevated levels of TWEAK R mRNA were found in human or mouse hepatocellular carcinoma specimens, in regenerating mouse liver and in injured rat arteries (2, 3).
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