TGF-beta 3 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AB-244-NA
TGF‑ beta 3 Inhibition of IL‑4-dependent Cell Proliferation and Neutralization by TGF‑ beta 3 Antibody.
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Product Details
Citations (3)
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TGF-beta 3 Antibody Summary

Specificity
Detects TGF‑ beta 3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant amphibian TGF-beta 5 is observed and less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TGF-beta 1, rhTGF-beta 2 and rhLAP (TGF-beta 1) is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Protein A or G purified
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant chicken TGF‑ beta 3 and recombinant human TGF‑ beta 3
Ala301-Ser412 (Tyr340Phe)
Accession # P10600
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
2 µg/mL
See below
Simple Western
50 µg/mL
See below
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize TGF‑ beta 3 inhibition of IL‑4-dependent proliferation in the HT‑2 mouse T cell line. Tsang, M. et al. (1995) Cytokine 7:389. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-3 µg/mL in the presence of 0.1 ng/mL Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 3 and 7.5 ng/mL Recombinant Mouse IL‑4.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Neutralization TGF‑ beta 3 Inhibition of IL‑4-dependent Cell Proliferation and Neutralization by TGF‑ beta 3 Antibody. View Larger

TGF‑ beta 3 Inhibition of IL‑4-dependent Cell Proliferation and Neutralization by TGF‑ beta 3 Antibody. Recombinant Human TGF-beta 3 (Catalog # 243-B3) inhibits Recombinant Mouse IL-4 (Catalog # 404-ML) induced proliferation in the HT-2 mouse T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Inhibition of Recombinant Mouse IL-4 (7.5 ng/mL) activity elicited by Recombinant Human TGF-beta 3 (0.1 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-TGF-beta 3 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-244-NA). The ND50 is typically 1-3 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TGF-beta 3

TGF-beta 3 (transforming growth factor beta 3) is one of three closely related mammalian members of the large TGF-beta superfamily that share a characteristic cystine knot structure (1‑7). TGF-beta 1, -2 and -3 are highly pleiotropic cytokines that are proposed to act as cellular switches that regulate processes such as immune function, proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (1‑4). Each TGF-beta  isoform has some non-redundant functions; for TGF-beta 3, mice with targeted deletion show defects palatogenesis and pulmonary development (2). Human TGF-beta 3 cDNA encodes a 412 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal peptide and a 392 aa proprotein (8). A furin-like convertase processes the proprotein to generate an N-terminal 220 aa latency-associated peptide (LAP) and a C-terminal 112 aa mature TGF-beta 3 (8, 9). Disulfide-linked homodimers of LAP and TGF-beta 3 remain non-covalently associated after secretion, forming the small latent TGF-beta 3 complex (8‑10). Covalent linkage of LAP to one of three latent TGF-beta binding proteins (LTBPs) creates a large latent complex that may interact with the extracellular matrix (9, 10). TGF-beta is activated from latency by pathways that include actions of the protease plasmin, matrix metalloproteases, thrombospondin 1 and a subset of integrins (10). Mature human TGF-beta 3 shows 100%, 99% and 98% aa identity with mouse/dog/horse, rat and pig TGF-beta 3, respectively. It demonstrates cross-species activity (1). TGF-beta 3 signaling begins with high-affinity binding to a type II ser/thr kinase receptor termed TGF-beta  RII. This receptor then phosphorylates and activates a second ser/thr kinase receptor, TGF-beta  RI (also called activin receptor-like kinase (ALK) -5), or alternatively, ALK-1.This complex phosphorylates and activates Smad proteins that regulate transcription (3, 11, 12). Contributions of the accessory receptors betaglycan (also known as TGF-beta  RIII) and endoglin, or use of Smad-independent signaling pathways, allow for disparate actions observed in response to TGF-beta in different contexts (11).

References
  1. Sporn, M.B. (2006) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 17:3.
  2. Dunker, N. and K. Krieglstein (2000) Eur. J. Biochem. 267:6982.
  3. Wahl, S.M. (2006) Immunol. Rev. 213:213.
  4. Chang, H. et al. (2002) Endocr. Rev. 23:787.
  5. Lin, J.S. et al. (2006) Reproduction 132:179.
  6. Hinck, A.P. et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35:8517.
  7. Mittl, P.R.E. et al. (1996) Protein Sci. 5:1261.
  8. Derynck, R. et al. (1988) EMBO J. 7:3737.
  9. Miyazono, K. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:6407.
  10. Oklu, R. and R. Hesketh (2000) Biochem. J. 352:601.
  11. de Caestecker, M. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:1.
  12. Zuniga, J.E. et al. (2005) J. Mol. Biol. 354:1052.
Long Name
Transforming Growth Factor beta 3
Entrez Gene IDs
7043 (Human); 21809 (Mouse); 25717 (Rat)
Alternate Names
ARVD; ARVD1; FLJ16571; LDS5; RNHF; TGFB3; TGFbeta 3; TGF-beta 3; TGF-beta3; TGF-beta-3; transforming growth factor beta-3; transforming growth factor, beta 3

Product Datasheets

Citations for TGF-beta 3 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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  1. Matrix metalloproteinase-25 has a functional role in mouse secondary palate development and is a downstream target of TGF-beta3.
    Authors: Brown GD, Nazarali AJ
    BMC Dev. Biol., 2010;10(0):93.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization
  2. Collagen I promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in lung cancer cells via transforming growth factor-beta signaling.
    Authors: Shintani Y, Maeda M, Chaika N, Johnson KR, Wheelock MJ
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2007;38(1):95-104.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization
  3. Isoform specificity of commercially-available anti-TGF-beta antibodies.
    Authors: Mozes MM, Hodics T, Kopp JB
    J. Immunol. Methods, 1999;225(1):87-93.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Western Blot

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