|Cell Proliferation Induced by B7‑H2 and Neutralization by Human B7‑H2 Antibody. In the presence of Human CD3 epsilon Monoclonal Antibody (20 ng/mL, Catalog # MAB100), Recombinant Human B7‑H2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 165-B7) stimulates proliferation in PHA-activated human T cells in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Under these conditions, proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human B7‑H2 Fc Chimera (3 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Human B7‑H2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB165). The ND50 is typically 1-4 µg/mL.|
|Detection of B7‑H2 in U937 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. U937 human histiocytic lymphoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human B7‑H2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB165, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0041, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG F(ab')2 Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B).|
Human B7-H2, also called B7RP-1, B7h, LICOS, and GL50, is a 60 kDa member of the B7 family of immune costimulatory proteins, which includes B7-1, B7-2, B7-H1 (PD-L1), PD-L2, and B7-H3. B7 proteins are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, the extracellular domains contain 2 Ig-like domains and all members have short cytoplasmic domains. Family members share about 20‑25% amino acid identity. Within the extracellular domain, human B7-H2 shares 49% and 54% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-H2, respectively. B7-H2 has been identified as the ligand for ICOS, a member of the CD28 family of costimulatory receptors. Human B7-H2 is a 309 amino acid (aa) protein with a putative 18 aa signal peptide, a 239 aa extracellular domain, an 18 aa transmembrane region, and a 33 aa cytoplasmic domain. Human B7-H2 is expressed constitutively on resting B cells, dendritic cells, and at low levels on monocytes. The B7-H2/ICOS interaction appears to play roles in T cell dependent B cell activation and Th differentiation.
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