Cell Proliferation Induced by Flt‑3 Ligand and Neutralization by Human Flt‑3 Ligand Antibody. Recombinant Human Flt‑3 Ligand (Catalog # 308-FK) stimulates proliferation in BaFlt3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with mouse Flt‑3 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human Flt‑3 Ligand (5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human Flt‑3 Ligand Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-308-NA). The ND50 is typically|
Flt-3 Ligand, also known as FL, is an alpha -helical cytokine that promotes the differentiation of multiple hematopoietic cell lineages (1‑3). Mature human Flt-3 Ligand consists of a 158 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with a cytokine-like domain and a juxtamembrane tether region, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 30 aa cytoplasmic tail (4‑7). Within the ECD, human Flt-3 Ligand shares 71% and 65% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Flt-3 Ligand, respectively. Human and mouse Flt-3 Ligand show cross-species activity (4‑6). Flt-3 Ligand is expressed as a noncovalently-linked dimer by T cells and bone marrow and thymic fibroblasts (1, 8). Each 36 kDa chain carries approximately 12 kDa of N- and O-linked carbohydrates (8). Alternate splicing and proteolytic cleavage of the transmembrane form can generate a soluble 30 kDa fragment that includes the cytokine domain (4, 8). Alternate splicing of human Flt-3 Ligand also generates membrane-associated isoforms that contain either a truncated cytoplasmic tail or an 85 aa substitution following the cytokine domain (4, 5, 8). Both transmembrane and soluble Flt-3 Ligand signal through the tyrosine kinase receptor Flt-3/Flk-2 (3, 4, 6, 7). Flt-3 Ligand induces the expansion of monocytes and immature dendritic cells as well as early B cell lineage differentiation (2, 9). It synergizes with IL-3, GM-CSF, and SCF to promote the mobilization and myeloid differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (4‑6). It cooperates with IL-2, -6, -7, and -15 to induce NK cell development and with IL-3, -7, and -11 to induce terminal B cell maturation (1, 10). Animal studies also show Flt‑3 Ligand to reduce the severity of experimentally induced allergic inflammation (11).
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