Human IL-3 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AB-203-NA
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑3 and Neutral­ization by Human IL‑3 Antibody.
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Human IL-3 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL-3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISA, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL-3 and recombinant rat IL-3 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Protein A or G purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-3
Ala20-Phe152
Accession # Q6GS87
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human IL‑3 (Catalog # 203-IL)
Immunocytochemistry
5-15 µg/mL
Immersion fixed human peripheral blood lymphocytes
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑3-induced proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.4-2 µg/mL in the presence of 1.25 ng/mL Recombinant Human IL‑3.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Neutralization Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑3 and Neutral­ization by Human IL‑3 Antibody. View Larger

Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑3 and Neutral­ization by Human IL‑3 Antibody. Recombinant Human IL‑3 (Catalog # 203-IL) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human IL‑3 (1.25 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human IL‑3 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-203-NA). The ND50 is typically 0.4‑2 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-3

LAG-3 (Lymphocyte activation gene-3), also known as CD223, is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). The mature LAG-3 protein is a 496 amino acid (aa) membrane protein with a 421 aa extracellular region which contains four IgSF domains, a 21 aa transmembrane region and a 54 aa cytoplasmic region. LAG-3 and CD4 molecules share <20% aa sequence homology but have a similar structure (1, 2). Both molecules bind to MHC class II. LAG-3 binds to MHC class II with higher affinity compared to CD4. Both LAG-3 and CD4 genes are located on the distal part of the short arm of chromosome 12.

LAG-3 is an activation-induced molecule, expressed on activated T cells and NK cells, but not on resting T cells. Studies using LAG-3 -/- mice have shown significant delay of T cell apoptosis following antigen stimulation and increased size of memory T cells pool following infection (3, 4). It also has been reported that anti-LAG-3 antibodies up-regulate T cell activation by blocking interaction of LAG-3 and MHC class II. The study has demonstrated that LAG-3 is selectively expressed on activated CD4+CD25+ TReg cells and plays a role in their suppressive activity (5). This evidence indicated, unlike the interaction of CD4 with MHC class II that plays a positive role in T cell activation, LAG-3 binds to MHC class II and negatively regulates T cell activation through LAG-3 signaling. On the other hand, studies have shown that binding of LAG-3 to MHC class II molecules on antigen presenting cells induce maturation of dendritic cells and cytokine secretion by monocytes through MHC class II signal transduction (6). Taken together, LAG-3 may have two major functions, it negatively regulates T cells activation through LAG-3 signaling and stimulates antigen presenting cells which express MHC class II.

References
  1. Triebel, F. et al. (1990) J. Exp. Med. 171:1393.
  2. Baixeras, E. et al. (1992) J. Exp. Med 176:327.
  3. Workman, C.J. and D.A. Vignali (2003) Eur. J. Immunol. 33:970.
  4. Workman, C.J. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 172:5450.
  5. Huang, C.T. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:503.
  6. Andreae, S. et al. (2003) Blood 102:2130.
Long Name
Interleukin 3
Entrez Gene IDs
3562 (Human); 16187 (Mouse); 24495 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Hematopoietic growth factor; IL3; IL-3; IL-3MGC79398; interleukin 3 (colony-stimulating factor, multiple); interleukin-3; Mast cell growth factor; mast-cell growth factor; MCGFMGC79399; MULTI-CSF; multilineage-colony-stimulating factor; Multipotential colony-stimulating factor; P-cell stimulating factor; P-cell-stimulating factor

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Cell and Tissue Staining Kits

Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

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