Human LAG-3 Antibody Summary
Accession # P18627
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of LAG-3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were either untreated (bottom panel) or treated with with 5 µg/mL PHA (top panel) for 5 days. PBMCs were stained with Mouse Anti-Human LAG-3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB23195) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B) and Mouse Anti-Human CD3 epsilon PE-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB100P). Quadrant markers were set based on isotype control antibody staining (Catalog # MAB003) (data not shown). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Detection of Human LAG‑3 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HEK293T human embryonic kidney cell line either mock transfected or transfected with human LAG-3. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human LAG-3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB23195) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF018). A specific band was detected for LAG-3 at approximately 100 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
LAG-3 (Lymphocyte activation gene-3), also known as CD223, is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). The mature LAG-3 protein is a 496 amino acid (aa) membrane protein with a 421 aa extracellular region which contains four IgSF domains, a 21 aa transmembrane region and a 54 aa cytoplasmic region. LAG-3 and CD4 molecules share < 20% aa sequence homology but have a similar structure (1, 2). Both molecules bind to MHC class II. LAG-3 binds to MHC class II with higher affinity compared to CD4. Both LAG-3 and CD4 genes are located on the distal part of the short arm of chromosome 12.
LAG-3 is an activation-induced molecule, expressed on activated T cells and NK cells, but not on resting T cells. Studies using LAG-3 -/- mice have shown significant delay of T cell apoptosis following antigen stimulation and increased size of memory T cells pool following infection (3, 4). It also has been reported that anti-LAG-3 antibodies up-regulate T cell activation by blocking interaction of LAG-3 and MHC class II. The study has demonstrated that LAG-3 is selectively expressed on activated CD4+CD25+ TReg cells and plays a role in their suppressive activity (5). This evidence indicated, unlike the interaction of CD4 with MHC class II that plays a positive role in T cell activation, LAG-3 binds to MHC class II and negatively regulates T cell activation through LAG-3 signaling. On the other hand, studies have shown that binding of LAG-3 to MHC class II molecules on antigen presenting cells induce maturation of dendritic cells and cytokine secretion by monocytes through MHC class II signal transduction (6). Taken together, LAG-3 may have two major functions, it negatively regulates T cells activation through LAG-3 signaling and stimulates antigen presenting cells which express MHC class II.
- Triebel, F. et al. (1990) J. Exp. Med. 171:1393.
- Baixeras, E. et al. (1992) J. Exp. Med 176:327.
- Workman, C.J. and D.A. Vignali (2003) Eur. J. Immunol. 33:970.
- Workman, C.J. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 172:5450.
- Huang, C.T. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:503.
- Andreae, S. et al. (2003) Blood 102:2130.
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