Human TLR8 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9NR97
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of TLR8 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TLR8 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human TLR8 and eGFP was stained with and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human TLR8 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB8999) or (B) Mouse IgG2B Flow Cytometry Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB0041) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B).
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
TLR8, also designated as CD288 (cluster of differentiation 288), is a member of the toll-like receptor (TLR) family. TLRs make up a family of pattern recognition receptors that play important roles in the innate immune response. Broad classes of pathogens (e.g. viruses, bacteria, and fungi) constitutively express a set of mutation-resistant molecules called pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). These microbial molecular markers may be composed of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and/or combinations thereof. Individual TLRs recognize distinct pathogen-associated PAMPs, initiating signaling cascades that promote the immune response. Structurally, TLRs are type I transmembrane receptors that possess varying numbers of extracellular N-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) motifs, followed by a cysteine-rich region, a TM domain, and an intracellular Toll/IL-1 R (TIR) motif. The TIR motif is common to the larger IL-1 R/TLR superfamily. Human TLR8 is an endosomal receptor that recognizes single stranded RNA (ssRNA), and can recognize ssRNA viruses such as Influenza, Sendai, and Coxsackie B viruses. TLR8 binding to the viral RNA recruits MyD88 and leads to activation of the transcription factor NF-kB and an antiviral response.
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