Human TrkA Antibody

(5 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human TrkA in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant rat TrkA is observed and 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TrkB and rhTrKC is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TrkA
    Ala33-Glu407
    Accession # AAA36770
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize beta ‑NGF-induced proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 3-12 µg/mL in the presence of 5 ng/mL Recombinant Human beta ‑NGF.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human TrkA by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of RPMI 8226 human multiple myeloma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human TrkA Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF175) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for TrkA at approximately 140 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Immunohistochemistry
TrkA in Human Colon. TrkA was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human colon using Goat Anti-Human TrkA Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF175) at 3 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit  (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm in colon glands. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Cell Proliferation Induced by beta ‑NGF and Neutralization by Human TrkA Antibody. Recombinant Human beta ‑NGF (Catalog # 256-GF) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human beta ‑NGF (5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concent­rations of Goat Anti-Human TrkA Antigen Affinity-purified Poly­clonal Antibody (Catalog # AF175). The ND50 is typically
3‑12 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: TrkA

TrkA, the product of the proto-oncogene trk, is a member of the neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor family that has three members. TrkA, TrkB and TrkC preferentially bind NGF, NT-4 and BDNF, and NT-3, respectively. All Trk family proteins share a conserved complex subdomain organization consisting of a signal peptide, two cysteine-rich domains, a cluster of three leucine-rich motifs, and two immunoglobulin-like domains in the extracellular region, as well as an intracellular region that contains the tyrosine kinase domain. Two distinct TrkA isoforms that differ by virtue of a 6-amino acid insertion in their extracellular domain have been identified. The longer TrkA isoform is the only isoform expressed within neuronal tissues whereas the shorter TrkA is expressed mainly in non-neuronal tissues. NGF binds to TrkA with low affinity and activates its cytoplasmic kinase, initiating a signaling cascade that mediates neuronal survival and differentiation. Higher affinity binding of NGF requires the coexpression of TrkA with the p75 NGF receptor (NGFR), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. NGFR binds all neurotrophins with low affinity and modulates Trk activity as well as alters the specificity of Trk receptors for their ligands. NGFR can also mediate cell death when expressed independent of Trk.

  • References:
    1. Esposito, D. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:32687.
    2. Sofroniew, M.V. et al. (200) Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24:1217.
  • Long Name:
    Neurotrophic Tyrosine Kinase Receptor A
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    4914 (Human); 59109 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    DKFZp781I14186; EC 2.7.10; EC 2.7.10.1; MTChigh affinity nerve growth factor receptor; Neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1; neurotrophic tyrosine kinase, receptor, type 1; NTRK1; NTRK-1; p140-TrkA; TRK1-transforming tyrosine kinase protein; TrkA; Trk-A; TRKAOncogene TRK; TRKTRK1; tyrosine kinase receptor A
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

5 Citations: Showing 1 - 5
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Nerve growth factor downregulates inflammatory response in human monocytes through TrkA.
    Authors: Prencipe G, Minnone G, Strippoli R, De Pasquale L, Petrini S, Caiello I, Manni L, De Benedetti F, Bracci-Laudiero L
    J Immunol, 2014;192(7):3345-54.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  2. Characterization of neuronal populations in the human trigeminal ganglion and their association with latent herpes simplex virus-1 infection.
    Authors: Flowerdew S, Wick D, Himmelein S, Horn A, Sinicina I, Strupp M, Brandt T, Theil D, Hufner K
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e83603.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  3. TrkB antibody elicits cytotoxicity and suppresses migration/invasion of transitional cell carcinoma cells.
    Authors: Huang YT, Lai PC, Wu CC
    Int. J. Oncol., 2010;37(4):943-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Functional Assay
  4. BDNF mediated TrkB activation is a survival signal for transitional cell carcinoma cells.
    Authors: Huang YT, Lai PC, Wu CC, Hsu SH, Cheng CC, Lan YF, Chiu TH
    Int. J. Oncol., 2010;36(6):1469-76.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
  5. Neurotrophin signaling through tropomyosin receptor kinases contributes to survival and proliferation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
    Authors: Sniderhan LF, Garcia-Bates TM, Burgart M, Bernstein SH, Phipps RP, Maggirwar SB
    Exp. Hematol., 2009;37(11):1295-309.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
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