Mouse PD-L2/B7-DC Antibody
Mouse PD-L2/B7-DC Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9WUL5
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
PD‑L2 in Mouse Thymus. PD-L2 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse thymus using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Mouse PD-L2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1022) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Mouse Programmed Death Ligand 2 (PD-L2), also named B7DC and butyrophilin-like protein, is a member of the B7 family of proteins that provide signals for regulating T-cell activation and tolerance (1-4). Other family members include B7-1, B7-2, B7-H2, PD-L1 (B7-H1), and B7-H3. B7 proteins are immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily members with extracellular Ig-V-like and Ig-C-like domains and short cytoplasmic domains. Among the family members, they share from 20-40% amino acid (aa) sequence identity. The cloned mouse PD-L2 cDNA encodes a 247 aa type I membrane precursor protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide, a 199 aa extracellular region containing one V-like and one C-like Ig domain, a 23 aa transmembrane region, and only a 5 aa cytoplasmic domain. The extracellular domains of mouse and human PD-L2 share approximately 72% aa sequence identity. PD-L2 is one of two ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family of immunoreceptors. The other identified ligand is PD-L1. Mouse PD-L1 and PD-L2 share approximately 34% aa sequence identity and have similar functions. PD-L2 is constitutively expressed in lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs (1-4). The expression of PD-L2 is detected on dendritic cells, thymic epithelial cells and IFN-gamma treated monocytes. PD-L2 expression is also upregulated in a variety of tumor cell lines. On previously activated T cells, PD-L2 interaction with PD-1 inhibits TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production, suggesting an inhibitory role in regulating immune responses. In contrast, a co-stimulatory function for the PD-1 ligands on resting T cells has also been reported.
- Latchman, Y. et al. (2001) Nature Immun. 2:261.
- Tseng, B.S-Y. et al. (2001) J. Exp. Med. 193:839.
- Sharpe, A.H. and G.J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
- Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
Citations for Mouse PD-L2/B7-DC Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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The Circadian Clock Controls Immune Checkpoint Pathway in Sepsis
Authors: W Deng, S Zhu, L Zeng, J Liu, R Kang, M Yang, L Cao, H Wang, TR Billiar, J Jiang, M Xie, D Tang
Cell Rep, 2018-07-10;24(2):366-378.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: Western Blot
Anti-programmed cell death 1 antibody reduces CD4+PD-1+ T cells and relieves the lupus-like nephritis of NZB/W F1 mice.
Authors: Kasagi S, Kawano S, Okazaki T, Honjo T, Morinobu A, Hatachi S, Shimatani K, Tanaka Y, Minato N, Kumagai S
J. Immunol., 2010-02-05;184(5):2337-47.
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
Establishment of NOD-Pdcd1-/- mice as an efficient animal model of type I diabetes.
Authors: Wang J, Yoshida T, Nakaki F, Hiai H, Okazaki T, Honjo T
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2005-08-08;102(33):11823-8.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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