Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Recombinant Mouse PD-L2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1022-PL)
2.5 µg/106 cells
RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line treated with LPS
Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
In a functional ELISA, 1-4 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 1 µg/mL of Recombinant Mouse PD-1 (Catalog # 1021-PD) to immobilized Recombinant Mouse PD-L2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1022-PL) coated at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 30 μg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
PD‑L2 in Mouse Thymus. PD‑L2 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse thymus using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Mouse PD‑L2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1022) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Mouse Programmed Death Ligand 2 (PD-L2), also named B7DC and butyrophilin-like protein, is a member of the B7 family of proteins that provide signals for regulating T-cell activation and tolerance (1-4). Other family members include B7-1, B7-2, B7-H2, PD-L1 (B7-H1), and B7-H3. B7 proteins are immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily members with extracellular Ig-V-like and Ig-C-like domains and short cytoplasmic domains. Among the family members, they share from 20-40% amino acid (aa) sequence identity. The cloned mouse PD-L2 cDNA encodes a 247 aa type I membrane precursor protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide, a 199 aa extracellular region containing one V-like and one C-like Ig domain, a 23 aa transmembrane region, and only a 5 aa cytoplasmic domain. The extracellular domains of mouse and human PD-L2 share approximately 72% aa sequence identity. PD-L2 is one of two ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family of immunoreceptors. The other identified ligand is PD-L1. Mouse PD-L1 and PD-L2 share approximately 34% aa sequence identity and have similar functions. PD-L2 is constitutively expressed in lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs (1-4). The expression of PD-L2 is detected on dendritic cells, thymic epithelial cells and IFN-gamma treated monocytes. PD-L2 expression is also upregulated in a variety of tumor cell lines. On previously activated T cells, PD-L2 interaction with PD-1 inhibits TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production, suggesting an inhibitory role in regulating immune responses. In contrast, a co-stimulatory function for the PD-1 ligands on resting T cells has also been reported.
Latchman, Y. et al. (2001) Nature Immun. 2:261.
Tseng, B.S-Y. et al. (2001) J. Exp. Med. 193:839.
Sharpe, A.H. and G.J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
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