Detects rat CCL3/MIP-1 alpha in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, less than 50%
cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse and cotton rat CCL3/MIP-1 alpha is observed,
and no cross-reactivity with recombinant human, canine, and HHV CCL3/MIP-1
alpha, recombinant rat CCL4/MIP-1 beta, or recombinant mouse CCL5/RANTES is
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 769303
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
E. coli-derived recombinant rat CCL3/MIP-1 alpha Ala24-Ala92 Accession # P50229
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of rat kidney using Mouse Anti-Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB66251) at 25 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to the plasma membranes of epithelial cells in convoluted tubules. View our protocol for Fluorescent IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
CCL3, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha ) and LD78, is a member of the beta or CC subfamily of chemokines and is closely related to CCL4/MIP-1 beta. Chemokines comprise a large family of small secreted proteins that are involved in immune and inflammatory responses. CCL3 expression can be induced in a variety of hematopoietic cells, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and epithelial cells (1). Mature rat CCL3 shares 74%, 91%, and 88% amino acid sequence identity with human, mouse, and cotton rat CCL3, respectively (2). CCL3 is an approximately 8 kDa chemokine that forms complexes with sulfated proteoglycans (3, 4). In a reversible process, CCL3 associates into noncovalently-linked dimers which then form tetramers and high molecular weight polymers (5, 6). These complexes of CCL3 are protected from proteolytic digestion by insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) which can cleave the monomeric chemokine (6). CCL3 exerts its biological functions through interactions with CCR1, CCR3, and CCR5 (1). It is cleared from the extracellular space by internalization via the decoy chemokine receptor D6 (7). CCL3 promotes the chemoattraction, adhesion to activated vascular endothelium, and cellular activation of many hematopoietic cell types including activated T cells, NK cells, neutrophils, monocytes, immature dendritic cells, and eosinophils (1, 8-10). CCL3 is also known as stem cell inhibitor (SCI) and can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (3). CCL3 bioactivity contributes to tumor metastasis and the inflammatory components of viral infection, rheumatoid arthritis, and hepatitis (11-14), although it also can suppress the replication of HIV (15). CCL3 additionally promotes hyperalgesia by sensitizing sensory neurons to TRPV1-mediated noxious stimulation (16).
Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
Shi, M.M. et al. (1995) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 211:289.
Graham, G.J. et al. (1990) Nature 344:442.
Wagner, L. et al. (1998) Nature 391:908.
Graham, G.J. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:4974.
Ren, M. et al. (2010) EMBO J. 29:3952.
Weber, M. et al. (2004) Mol. Biol. Cell 15:2492
Taub, D.D. et al. (1993) Science 260:355.
Bernardini, G. et al. (2008) Blood 111:3626.
Lee, S.C. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:3392.
Wu, Y. et al. (2008) J. Immunol. 181:6384.
Cook, D.N. et al. (1995) Science 269:1583.
Chintalacharuvu, S.R. et al. (2005) Immunol. Lett. 100:202.
Ajuebor, M.N. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunol. 34:2907.
Cocchi, F. et al. (1995) Science 270:1811.
Zhang, N. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:4536.
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.