Rat IL-4 Antibody

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  • Species Reactivity
    Rat
  • Specificity
    Detects recombinant rat IL-4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL-4, recombinant mouse IL-4, recombinant feline IL-4, recombinant canine IL-4, recombinant porcine IL-4, recombinant cotton rat IL-4, or recombinant mouse IL-13 is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 154101
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant rat IL‑4
    Cys25-Ser147
    Accession # P20096.2
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Product Datasheets

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Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Rat IL‑4 (Catalog # 504-RL)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑4-induced proliferation in the rat splenocytes. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.8-4.0 µg/mL in the presence of 4 ng/mL Recombinant Rat IL‑4 and 10 µg/mL PHA.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Example
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑4 and Neutralization by Rat IL‑4 Antibody. Recombinant Rat IL‑4 (Catalog # 504-RL) stimulates proliferation in the rat splenocytes in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recom­binant Rat IL‑4 (4 ng/mL) is neutral­ized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Rat IL‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB5041). The ND50 is typically 0.8‑4.0 µg/mL in the presence of PHA (10 µg/mL).
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
    Reconstitution Buffer Available
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-4

Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa‑18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1‑3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (4). Rat IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 aa signal sequence. Mature rat IL-4 shares 41%, 43%, and 59% aa sequence identity with bovine, human, and mouse IL-4, respectively. Human, mouse, and rat IL-4 are species-specific in their activities (5‑7). IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (8, 9). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and ‑21). The type II receptor on nonhematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgG1 and IgE in rodent B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (10‑13). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (12, 14).

  • References:
    1. Benczik, M. and S.L. Gaffen (2004) Immunol. Invest. 33:109.
    2. Chomarat, P. and J. Banchereau (1998) Int. Rev. Immunol. 17:1.
    3. McKnight, A.J. et al. (1991) Eur. J. Immunol. 21:1187.
    4. Redfield, C. et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30:11029.
    5. Ramirez, F. et al. (1988) J. Immunol. Meth. 221:141.
    6. Leitenberg, D. and T.L. Feldbush (1988) Cell. Immunol. 111:451.
    7. Mosman, T.R. et al. (1987) J. Immunol. 138:1813.
    8. Mueller, T.D. et al. (2002) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1592:237.
    9. Nelms, K. et al. (1999) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 17:701.
    10. Paludan, S.R. (1998) Scand. J. Immunol. 48:459.
    11. Corthay, A. (2006) Scand. J. Immunol. 64:93.
    12. Ryan, J.J. et al. (2007) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 27:15.
    13. Grone, A. (2002) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:1.
    14. Rosenberg, H.F. et al. (2007) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 119:1303.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3565 (Human); 16189 (Mouse); 287287 (Rat); 397225 (Porcine); 280824 (Bovine); 403785 (Canine); 574281 (Primate); 100302454 (Rabbit)
  • Alternate Names:
    B cell growth factor 1; BCDF; B-cell stimulatory factor 1; BCGF1; BCGF-1; binetrakin; BSF1; BSF-1; IL4; IL-4; IL-4B_cell stimulatory factor 1; interleukin 4; interleukin-4; Lymphocyte stimulatory factor 1; MGC79402; pitrakinra
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Development of inflammatory bowel disease in Long-Evans Cinnamon rats based on CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cell dysfunction.
    Authors: Ishimaru N, Yamada A, Kohashi M, Arakaki R, Takahashi T, Izumi K, Hayashi Y
    J. Immunol., 2008;180(10):6997-7008.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo

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Isotype Controls
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Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB002 148  
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Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

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Reconstitution Buffers
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Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)

RB01
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Secondary Antibodies
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugate Antibody

Flow , IHC , ICC NL007 10
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Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF018 9  
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow , IHC , ICC NL008 8
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0101B 4  
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF018 1
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Mouse IgG Antibody

WB AF007 4
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow , IHC , ICC NL009 5
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0103B 5  
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Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF007 4
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Mouse/Rabbit IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC002  
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Mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC001  
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0114  
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