Human CEACAM-5/CD66e Antibody Summary
Accession # Q8N4D0
This antibody functions as an ELISA capture antibody when paired with Sheep Anti-Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF41281).
This product is intended for assay development on various assay platforms requiring antibody pairs. We recommend the Human CEACAM-5/CD66e DuoSet ELISA Kit (Catalog # DY4128) for convenient development of a sandwich ELISA.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e ELISA Standard Curve. Recombinant Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB41282) coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (DY990). Sheep Anti-Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody ()AF41281 was biotinylated and incubated with the protein captured on the plate. Detection of the standard curve was achieved by incubating Streptavidin-HRP (DY998) followed by Substrate Solution (DY999) and stopping the enzymatic reaction with Stop Solution (DY994).
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
CEACAM-5, also known as CEA and CD66e, belongs to the large family of CEACAM and pregnancy specific glycoproteins. CEACAM molecules are either transmembrane or GPI-linked, and are differentially expressed between species (1, 2). Orthologs of human CEACAM-5 have not been described in other species. CEACAM-5, which is expressed primarily by epithelial cells, consists of an N-terminal Ig-like V-set domain followed by six Ig-like C2-set domains and a GPI anchor
(2-4). CEACAM-5 is synthesized as a 180 kDa, variably glycosylated molecule of which approximately 60% is carbohydrate (5). CEACAM-5 functions as a
calcium-independent adhesion molecule through homophilic and heterophilic interactions with CEACAM-1 (6-8). CEACAM-5 is restricted to the apical face of intestinal epithelial cells in the adult but is more diffuse during embryonic development and in tumors (7). This is consistent with a role in the development and maintenance of epithelial architecture. CEACAM-5 is up-regulated in a wide variety of human tumors and is a commonly used cancer marker (9). It promotes tumor cell migration, invasion, adhesion, and metastasis (10). It also contributes to tumor formation by maintaining cellular proliferation in the presence of differentiation stimuli, and by blocking apoptosis following loss of ECM anchorage (anoikis) (11, 12). The GPI anchoring of CEACAM-5 can be released by GPI-PLD, resulting in a soluble molecule that also promotes tumor metastasis (13). Cell surface expression of CEACAM-5 on tumor cells prevents the adhesion of CEACAM-1 expressing NK cells and provides protection from NK-mediated lysis (6). CEACAM-5 also binds a subset of Neisseria opacity proteins (Opa) and E. coli adhesion proteins (14-16). These interactions trigger clustering of the lipid raft-localized CEACAM-5 to sites of pathogen contact (15, 16).
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- Goldenberg, D.M. et al. (1976) J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 57:11.
- Blumenthal, R.D. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:8809.
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- Ordonez, C. et al. (2000) Cancer Res. 60:3419.
- Yamamoto, Y. et al. (2005) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 333:223.
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- Berger, C.N. et al. (2004) Mol. Microbiol. 52:963.
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