|Alkaline Phosphatase Production Induced by Jagged 1 and Neutralization by Human Jagged 1 Antibody. Recombinant Human Jagged 1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1277-JG) induces alkaline phosphatase production in the C3H10T1/2 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line in the presence of Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat BMP-2 (Catalog # 355-BM) in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Alkaline phosphatase production elicited by Recombinant Human Jagged 1 Fc Chimera (5 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Human Jagged 1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB12771). The ND50 is typically 0.5-3 µg/mL.|
Jagged 1 is a 180 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein and member of the Delta-Serrate-Lag-2 (DSL) family of ligands that activate LIN12/Notch proteins. Human Jagged 1 is synthesized as a 1218 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 33 aa signal sequence, a 1034 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 26 aa transmembrane segment, and a 125 aa cytoplasmic region. The ECD contains a DSL domain (aa 185‑229), a cysteine-rich region, 15 EGF-like repeats, of which many bind calcium, and nine potential sites for N-linked glycosylation. Mature human Jagged 1 shares 97% and 96% aa identity with mature mouse and rat Jagged 1, respectively. Jagged 1 is widely expressed in adult and fetal tissues. Jagged-Notch signaling specifies cell fate, regulates pattern formation, defines boundaries between different cell types, and modulates cell proliferation and differentiation, especially during hematopoiesis, myogenesis, neurogenesis, and development of vasculature (1‑8). Mutations in human Jagged 1 are the cause of Alagille syndrome, an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by intrahepatic cholestasis and abnormalities of heart, eye, vertebrae, as well as characteristic facial appearance (9, 10).
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