Human TDO2 Antibody

Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB9768-100
MAB9768-SP
TDO2 in  Human Liver.
2 Images
Product Details
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews

Human TDO2 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TDO2 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 998604
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
E. coli-derived human TDO2
Leu18-Phe388
Accession # P48775
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Immunohistochemistry
5-25 µg/mL
See below
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
0.25 µg/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Examples

Immunohistochemistry TDO2 in  Human Liver. View Larger

TDO2 in Human Liver. TDO2 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver using Mouse Anti-Human TDO2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB9768) at 5 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by incubation with the Anti-Mouse IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog # VC001). Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using DAB (brown) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm in hepatocytes. View our protocol for IHC Staining with VisUCyte HRP Polymer Detection Reagents.

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry Detection of TDO2 in A431 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of TDO2 in A431 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human TDO2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB9768, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0041, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin. View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷

Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TDO2

Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO2), a heme-containing cytosolic dioxygenase, forms a homo-tetrameric active molecule of approximately 190 kDa composed of 48 kDa monomers (1, 2). Human TDO2 shares 89% aa sequence identity with mouse TDO2. TDO2 is one of three proteins capable of catalyzing the first and rate‑limiting step of the L-kynurenine pathway (KP): oxidative cleavage of the essential amino acid L-tryptophan to form N‑formyl‑kynurenine (3). TDO2 is a cytosolic protein typically localized to the liver and brain, unlike the more ubiquitously expressed indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), yet it is responsible for ~90% of the primary route of catabolism of tryptophan through the KP (3). TDO2 is upregulated in extrahepatic tumors (4-6) and is consequently a target in cancer immunotherapy (7). TDO2 is a therapeutic target in brain disease such as schizophrenia, Alzheimers disease, multiple sclerosis and glioma (8-11) due to its role in the regulation of levels of critical biologically active downstream KP metabolites (3). Polymorphisms in the TDO2 gene have been implicated for a role in behavioural responses and autism (12,13).

References
  1. Lewis-Ballester, A. et al. (2016) Sci. Rep. 6:35169.
  2. Rafice, S.A. et al. (2009) Biochem. Soc. Trans. 37:408.
  3. Badawy, A. (2017) Int J. Tryptophan Res. 10:1.
  4. Pilotte, L. et al. (2012) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109:2497.
  5. D'Amato, N.C. et al. (2015) Cancer Res. 75:4651.
  6. Yu, C.P et al. (2017) Med. Oncol. 34:73.
  7. Platten, et al. (2015) Front. Immunol. 5:673.
  8. Breda, C. et al. (2016) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113:5435.
  9. Yu, C.P. et al. (2016) Metab. Brain Dis. 31:737.
  10. Lanz. T.V. et al. (2017) Sci. Rep. 7:41271.
  11. Reus, G.Z. et al. (2018) Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 81:55.
  12. Soichot, M. et al. (2013) Alcohol Alcohol 48:415.
  13. Nabi, R. et al. (2004) Am. J. Med. Genet. B. Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 125B:63.
Long Name
Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase
Entrez Gene IDs
6999 (Human); 56720 (Mouse); 64206 (Rat)
Alternate Names
chky; TDO; TDO2; TDOTO; TO; TPH2EC 1.13.11.11; TRPO; TRPOtryptophanase; Tryptamin 2,3-dioxygenase; tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase; Tryptophan Oxygenase; Tryptophan Pyrrolase; Tryptophanase

Product Datasheets

FAQs

No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you may

View all Antibody FAQs

Cell and Tissue Staining Kits

Immunohistochemistry Reagents

Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

Mouse IgG2B Antibody

Reviews for Human TDO2 Antibody

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review Human TDO2 Antibody and earn rewards!

Have you used Human TDO2 Antibody?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review