Mouse IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 Antibody

(6 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant cotton rat IL-1 beta and recombinant rhesus monkey IL-1 beta is observed, approximately 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant rat IL-1 beta and recombinant rabbit IL-1 beta is observed, and less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant canine IL-1 beta, recombinant equine IL-1 beta, recombinant guinea pig IL-1 beta, recombinant porcine IL-1 beta, recombinant feline IL-1 beta, and recombinant human IL-1 beta is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant mouse IL-1 beta /IL-1F2
    Val118-Ser269
    Accession # P10749
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Simple Western
    50 µg/mL
    See below
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2-induced proliferation in the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line [Symons, J.A. et al. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 272]. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 2-12 µg/mL in the presence of 10 pg/mL Recombinant Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 and 1.25 µg/mL concanavalin A.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 and Neutral­ization by Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antibody. Recombinant Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (Catalog # 401-ML) stimulates proliferation in the the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (10 pg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-401-NA). The ND50 is typically 2-12 µg/mL in the presence of concanavalin A (1.25 µg/mL).
Detection of Human and Mouse
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 by Western Blot.
Western blot shows lysates of THP‑1 human acute monocytic leukemia cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 200 nM PMA for 24 hours and 10 µg/mL LPS for 4 hours and RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 10 µg/mL LPS for 24 hours. PVDF membrane was probed with  µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-401-NA) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 at approximately 35 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Detection of Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 by Simple WesternTM. Simple Western lane view shows lysates of RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 10 µg/mL LPS for 24 hours, loaded at 0.5 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 at approximately 40 kDa (as indicated) using 50 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-401-NA). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the
12-230 kDa separation system.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2

IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 17% amino acid (aa) identity in mouse. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1-4). The mouse IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 269 aa precursor. A 117 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5, 6). The 17 kDa mature mouse IL-1 beta shares 90% aa sequence identity with cotton rat and rat and 65-78% identity with canine, equine, feline, human, porcine, and rhesus macaque IL-1 beta.

  • References:
    1. Allan, S.M. et al. (2005) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 5:629.
    2. Boraschi, D. and A. Tagliabue (2006) Vitam. Horm. 74:229.
    3. Kornman, K.S. (2006) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 83:475S.
    4. Isoda, K. and F. Ohsuzu (2006) J. Atheroscler. Thromb. 13:21.
    5. Gray, P.W. et al. (1986) J. Immunol. 137:3644.
    6. Martinon, F. and J. Tschopp (2007) Cell Death Differ. 14:10.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 1 beta
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3553 (Human); 16176 (Mouse); 24494 (Rat); 397122 (Porcine); 403974 (Canine); 100034237 (Equine); 100135556 (Guinea Pig)
  • Alternate Names:
    catabolin; IL1 beta; IL-1 beta; IL-1; IL1B; IL-1b; IL1-BETA; IL-1F2; IL1F2IL-1 beta; interleukin 1, beta; interleukin-1 beta; preinterleukin 1 beta; pro-interleukin-1-beta
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

6 Citations: Showing 1 - 6
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. A small-molecule inhibitor of the NLRP3 inflammasome for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    Authors: Coll R, Robertson A, Chae J, Higgins S, Munoz-Planillo R, Inserra M, Vetter I, Dungan L, Monks B, Stutz A, Croker D, Butler M, Haneklaus M, Sutton C, Nunez G, Latz E, Kastner D, Mills K, Masters S, Schroder K, Cooper M, O'Neill L
    Nat Med, 2015;21(3):248-55.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  2. P2RX7 sensitizes Mac-1/ICAM-1-dependent leukocyte-endothelial adhesion and promotes neurovascular injury during septic encephalopathy.
    Authors: Wang H, Hong L, Huang J, Jiang Q, Tao R, Tan C, Lu N, Wang C, Ahmed M, Lu Y, Liu Z, Shi W, Lai E, Wilcox C, Han F
    Cell Res, 2015;25(6):674-90.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  3. Distinct mechanisms of induction of hepatic growth hormone resistance by endogenous IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta.
    Authors: Zhao Y, Xiao X, Frank S, Lin H, Xia Y
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 2014;307(2):E186-98.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  4. Interleukin-1beta and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 cooperate to induce cyclooxygenase-2 during early mammary tumourigenesis.
    Authors: Reed JR, Leon RP, Hall MK, Schwertfeger KL
    Breast Cancer Res., 2009;11(2):R21.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  5. Comparison of the roles of IL-1, IL-6, and TNFalpha in cell culture and murine models of aseptic loosening.
    Authors: Taki N, Tatro JM, Lowe R, Goldberg VM, Greenfield EM
    Bone, 2007;40(5):1276-83.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  6. The Myc-dependent angiogenic switch in tumors is mediated by interleukin 1beta.
    Authors: Shchors K, Shchors E, Rostker F, Lawlor ER, Brown-Swigart L, Evan GI
    Genes Dev., 2006;20(18):2527-38.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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