Porcine IL-5 Antibody
Porcine IL-5 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9MYM5
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑5 and Neutralization by Porcine IL‑5 Antibody. Recombinant Porcine IL-5 (Catalog # 3137-PL) stimulates proliferation in the TF-1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Porcine IL-5 (25 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concen-trations of Goat Anti-Porcine IL-5 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3137). The ND50 is typically <5 µg/mL.
IL‑5 in Porcine PBMCs. IL-5 was detected in immersion fixed porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated with calcium ionomycin and PMA using Goat Anti-Porcine IL-5 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3137) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is a secreted disulfide-linked homodimeric glycoprotein that belongs to the alpha -helical group of cytokines that includes IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF (1‑3). IL-5 is primarily produced by CD4+ Th2 cells, but eosinophils and mast cells also produce IL-5. Porcine IL-5 is synthesized as a 134 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 19 aa signal sequence and a 115 aa mature segment (5). Four alpha -helices and two cysteines that form interchain disulfide bonds with a second, antiparallel IL-5 molecule are conserved among species (3-5). Monomeric IL-5 is a predicted 14 kDa protein but usage of N-linked glycosylation sites may increase its molecular weight (5). Mature porcine IL-5 shares 90%, 88%, 86%, 85%, 84%, 66%, 68%, 63%, 63% and 59% aa sequence identity with mature bovine, sheep, cat, equine, canine, human, guinea pig, cotton rat, murine and rat IL-5, respectively. Recombinant porcine IL-5 induced proliferation in the human TF-1 cell line (5). The receptor for human IL-5 consists of a 60 kDa ligand-binding subunit (IL-5 R alpha ) and a 120 kDa signal-transducing subunit ( beta c). It is suggested that dimeric IL-5 binding to IL-5 R alpha recruits beta c, which subsequently covalently links with IL-5 R alpha. Two receptor complexes then associate to form the physiologic IL-5 receptor (6, 7). IL-5 binds proteoglycans, potentially enhancing its activity (8). Following receptor binding, IL-5 promotes the maturation, activation and migration of eosinophils, as demonstrated during asthmatic eosinophilic lung inflammation (1‑3). It also mobilizes eosinophils and CD34+ progenitors from marrow. It also enhances Ig release from B cells and contributes to IL-4 production. Finally, it primes basophils for histamine and leukotriene release (1, 2, 9).
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- Mattes, J. and P.S. Foster (2003) Curr. Drug Targets Inflamm. Allergy 2:169.
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